My research interests originated from the curiosity on the unprecedentedly fast and large urbanization program in developing countries, for which the appearances of both urban and rural sectors are evolving and during which the rampant urban sprawl and complicated rural restructuring co-exist.
In addressing the critical issues emerged during this process, my research journey has gone through the following aspects (by participating national-grant funded research projects as key member and self-motivated research), and employed both qualitative and quantitative approaches:
1) Urban-rural linkage, rural restructuring and sustainability
For example, the development of small towns and their roles in linking urban-rural areas and offering services to rural communities. Specifically, how townships assume their responsibility, what are the major obstacles they are facing, what are the development status between social-economic-environmental dimensions at township level, and how can small towns set proper development orientations to help themselves better sustain. By conducting both theoretical and empirical studies (including field surveys in more than 20 townships in Southwest China during 2016-2018), the key research findings can be found in the articles, Why small towns can not share the benefits of urbanization in China?; Regional disparity in urbanizing China:Empirical study of unbalanced development phenomenon of townships in Southwest China; Development orientations for attracting investments–A perspective of less-developed townships in China.
My doctoral research has a more bottom focus, that is, the grass-root rural communities. Particularly how the emerging technologic infrastructures and economic forms reshape and influence the development of rural society in the context of contemporary China.
2) Sustainability performance during the urbanization programs
For example, how the process of urban sprawl and development can be sustained given the resources and environment elements it relies on. These resources are multi-dimensional, such as infrastrcutre, land and water resources. Some research findings under this strand can be referred, such as the indicators for evaluating and monitoring urban carrying capacity (Liu, Ren & Shen et al., 2020), the carrying capacity assessment of urban infrastructure system (Wang, Ren & Shen et al., 2020).
Other aspects related to sustainability performance of urbanization development, such as the efficiency assessment (Ren et al., 2018); how to utilize and refer to previous experiences and lessons to better facilitate and promote future sustainable urbanization paradigm (Wang, Shen & Ren et al., 2019).
Besides, with first-degree being cultivated in real estate & construction managment, I am always open-minded and interested in the real estate and construction related topics, such as housing, urban regeneration, urban economics and sustainable construction as well as built environment.