My PhD thesis occupies a place between intellectual history and international political theory. It examines the political and international philosophy of three classicists, Gilbert Murray, Arnold Toynbee, and Alfred Zimmern, focusing on the interplay between their ideas about the classical world, civilisation, and international politics. My thesis investigates these intellectuals’ shared civic-centred definition of civilisation and the classical republican and civic humanist influences upon their international thought, focusing on their ideas about citizenship and civic educational. Further, it looks at the structuring conceptual role that the notions of civilisation and barbarism played in their international thought. By looking at internationalist visions of republicanism, empire, sovereignty, nationality and citizenship this thesis hopes to shed light on ways that political space was conceptualised beyond the parameters of the state at an important moment for international politics, both institutionally and academically.
I am supervised by Professor Stuart Jones and Dr Andrew Fear.
I completed my undergraduate degree in History at the University of Leeds in 2013 and an MPhil in Political Thought and Intellectual History at the University of Cambridge in 2016. My MPhil research explored the interplay between conceptions of civilisation and interpretations of ancient Rome in British historiography, philosophy, and political thought, focusing on the writings of J.B. Bury, R.G. Collingwood, and Francis Haverfield.