I was born in Xi’an, an ancient capital of China. I obtained a B.Sc in Solid Mechanics and an M.Sc in Biomechanics from Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, P. R. of China. Then I was offered a lectureship by the University. I started my PhD study in Biomechanics (modelling bioprosthetic heart valve) while working part time as a lecturer. I obtained a PhD in Biomechanics in 1996 (Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, P. R. China). I was offered an associate professor in 1998 by Xi’an Jiaotong University. In 1999, I won Royal Society China-UK research fellowship. I spent 8 months at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, 4 months at University of Sheffield as research fellow (modelling heart valve). 2001~2002, I spent 18 months at University of Surry as research fellow (modelling femur with implant). And in 2002, I joined the cardiac electrophysiology group at University of Leeds as research fellow (modelling sinoatrial node and atrioventricle node, right atrium). Then in 2005, I moved to University of Manchester with the group.