Study of Homopolar DC Generator

UoM administered thesis: Phd

  • Authors:
  • Mehdi Baymani Nezhad

Abstract

The aerospace and marine sectors are currently using or actively considering the use of DC networks for electrical distribution. This has several advantages: higher VA rating per unit volume of cable and ease of generator connections to the network. In these systems the generators are almost exclusively ac generator (permanent magnet or wound field synchronous) that are linked to the dc network via an electric converter that transforms the ac generator output voltage to the dc rail voltage.The main objective of this project is to develop a Homopolar DC Generator (HDG) that is capable of generating pure DC voltage and could therefore remove the need for an electric converter and ease connection issues to a dc electrical distribution network. The project aim is to design, build and test a small technology demonstrator, as well as electromagnetic modeling validation.In Chapter 1, the initial generator concepts proposed to fulfill the aforementioned requirements of DC generator are presented, as well as an obscurity in electromagnetic induction law faced at the beginning of this project. Also the advantages, disadvantages and different applications of Homopolar DC Generators are covered in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2, Faraday's law of induction and the ways of using it properly are discussed using some example. The preliminary design calculations to construct the prototype HDG are presented in Chapter 3. Also the prototype construction and assembly procedure are discussed in this chapter. In this project, magnetostatics and current flow Finite Element (FE) simulations were used to assess the prototype HDG. In Chapter 4, the results of 2D and 3D-FE simulation are presented; furthermore the limitations of the FE simulations to assess the HDG performance are included. In Chapter 5, the results of the practical tests are demonstrated and assessed, as well as comparison between some of the results obtained practically and those obtained using FE-modeling. Using sliding contacts in the HDG is obligatory so some definitions corresponding to electrical contact resistances are given in Chapter 5. Final chapter is conclusions including the results assessments, future works to design, simulation and construction of the HDG.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
Award date1 Aug 2013