This thesis concentrates on learning and identification of fuzzy systems, and this thesis is composed about learning fuzzy systems from data for regression and function approximation by constructing complete, compact, and consistent fuzzy systems.Fuzzy systems are prevalent to solve pattern recognition problems and function approximation problems as a result of the good knowledge representation. With the development of fuzzy systems, a lot of sophisticated methods based on them try to completely solve pattern recognition problems and function approximation problems by constructing a great diversity of mathematical models. However, there exists a conflict between the degree of the interpretability and the accuracy of the approximation in general fuzzy systems. Thus, how to properly make the best compromise between the accuracy of the approximation and the degree of the interpretability in the entire system is a significant study of the subject.The first work of this research is concerned with the clustering technique on constructing fuzzy models in fuzzy system identification, and this method is a part of clustering based learning of fuzzy systems. As the determination of the proper number of clusters and the appropriate location of clusters is one of primary considerations on constructing an effectively fuzzy model, the task of the clustering technique aims at recognizing the proper number of clusters and the appropriate location as far as possible, which gives a good preparation for the construction of fuzzy models. In order to acquire the mutually exclusive performance by constructing effectively fuzzy models, a modular method to fuzzy system identification based on a hybrid clustering-based technique has been considered. Due to the above reasons, a hybrid clustering algorithm concerning input, output, generalization and specialization has hence been introduced in this work. Thus, the primary advantage of this work is the proposed clustering technique integrates a variety of clustering properties to positively identify the proper number of clusters and the appropriate location of clusters by carrying out a good performance of recognizing the precise position of each dataset, and this advantage brings fuzzy systems more complete.The second work of this research is an extended work of the first work, and two ways to improve the original work have been considered in the extended work, including the pruning strategy for simplifying the structure of fuzzy systems and the optimization scheme for parameters optimization. So far as the pruning strategy is concerned, the purpose of which aims at refining rule base by the similarity analysis of fuzzy sets, fuzzy numbers, fuzzy membership functions or fuzzy rules. By other means, through the similarity analysis of which, the complete rules can be kept and the redundant rules can be reduced probably in the rule base of fuzzy systems. Also, the optimization scheme can be regarded as a two-layer parameters optimization in the extended work, because the parameters of the initial fuzzy model have been fine tuning by two phases gradation on layer. Hence, the extended work primarily puts focus on enhancing the performance of the initial fuzzy models toward the positive reliability of the final fuzzy models. Thus, the primary advantage of this work consists of the simplification of fuzzy rule base by the similarity-based pruning strategy, as well as more accuracy of the optimization by the two-layer optimization scheme, and these advantages bring fuzzy systems more compact and precise.So far as a perfect modular method for fuzzy system identification is concerned, in addition to positively solve pattern recognition problems and function approximation problems, it should primarily comprise the following features, including the well-understanding interpretability, low-degree dimensionality, highly reliability, stable robustness, highly accuracy of the approximation, less computational cost, and maximum performance. However, it is extremely difficult to meet all of these conditions above. Inasmuch as attaining the highly achievement from the features above as far as possible, the research works of this thesis try to present a modular method concerning a variety of requirements to fuzzy systems identification.