In Vitro Investigation of the Role of Human Cytomegalovirus Glycoprotein Polymorphisms in Disease Pathogenesis

UoM administered thesis: Phd

  • Authors:
  • Jawaher Abdulhakim

Abstract

HCMV is a common viral pathogen that infects most of the world's population by early adulthood. It is typically asymptomatic in immunologically healthy individuals but causes severe disease in immunocompromised patients and congenitally infected infants. HCMV glycoproteins are highly polymorphic, and various types of associations have been suggested between glycoprotein types and the pathogenicity of the virus. Several studies on viruses other than HCMV have related the glycosylation of the viral glycoproteins to virulence. This project aimed to determine whether there is a robust relationship between the individual glycoprotein sequence and its glycosylation, how this influences the growth characteristic of the virus and whether this is related to its pathogenicity. Glycosylation patterns of 89 clinical specimens of different infection categories and specimen types were correlated with genetic sequence alterations of the virus glycoproteins (gB, gH, gL, gM, gN, gO), followed by determining whether mutation results in specific changes in glycosylation. The aim was approached using a cell culture model and a quantitative lectin-based assay (ELLA). A significantly increased glycosylation level for the following genotypes: mixed gH, gN4a, gO4, mixed gL was detected. Whereas a decreased pattern was found to be associated with gH1, gH2, gN3a, gO1a and gL2 genotypes (P

Details

Original languageEnglish
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Supervisors/Advisors
Award date31 Dec 2018