Hereditary Colorectal Cancer: Registration, Screening and Prognostic Biomarker Analysis

UoM administered thesis: Unknown

  • Authors:
  • Paul Barrow

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of the research was to investigate the benefits of a hereditary colorectal cancer registry in the management of patients and families with Lynch syndrome. In study one, a systematic review was performed to quantify the impact of registration and screening on colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality, with comparison between familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome (LS). In study two, a regional Lynch syndrome registry was utilised to evaluate the uptake of predictive testing and colorectal screening among first-degree relatives (FDRs) and investigate novel methods for engaging at-risk relatives, including an enhanced role for the general practitioner (GP). In study three, the registry was used to investigate proposed associations between Lynch syndrome and prostate and bladder cancer. In study four, mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) CRCs from Lynch syndrome patients and randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) were used to evaluate a novel prognostic biomarker, beta-2 microglobulin (B2M). Methods: An electronic database search was conducted to identify studies describing CRC incidence and/or mortality in FAP or LS, with comparison of either: 1) screened and unscreened patients or 2) patients 'before and after' establishment of the registry. Using the Manchester regional Lynch syndrome registry database, the uptake of predictive testing and colorectal screening among FDRs was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analysis. Novel strategies for improving engagement were explored via a patient advisory group discussion and a regional primary care questionnaire. Cases of prostate and bladder cancer in male mutation carriers and their male FDRs were identified, and cumulative and relative risks were calculated, using expected rates from cancer registry data. DNA from 350 dMMR CRC specimens from Lynch syndrome patients and RCTs were tested for B2M mutations using Sanger sequencing, and correlated with clinical outcome. Results: 43 studies were included in the systematic review (33 FAP; 10 Lynch). Registry-based screening was associated with a significant reduction in CRC incidence and in Lynch syndrome, CRC-related mortality was negligible in those undergoing surveillance. 242 Lynch syndrome families were recorded on the Manchester Lynch syndrome registry. 329 of 591 (55.7%) eligible FDRs had undergone predictive testing. Uptake was significantly lower in males and younger age groups (

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Original languageEnglish
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Award date1 Aug 2015