Epigallocatechin-3-gallate and recombinant human activated protein C and the modulation of acute pancreatitis

UoM administered thesis: Doctor of Medicine

  • Authors:
  • Benoy Idicula Babu


Effective management of acute pancreatitis has for centuries eluded mankind. The disease has a wide spectrum of presentation; the milder form is usually a self limiting condition, whereas the severe form presents as a highly morbid and frequently lethal attack. The ability to predict disease progression on admission would aid in the comprehensive and multidisciplinary management of patients.The perfect predictor of disease progression has been an elusive factor hindering the management of the disease. On systematically reviewing literature and identifying appropriate biochemical markers in predicting progression of acute pancreatitis, the ideal predictor would be a combination of biochemical, clinical and contemporary organ dysfunction scoring systems. Early prediction of disease progression however, is important in the better management of the disease. The pathophysiological changes of acinar cell injury and death are the earliest events that occur in acute pancreatitis. Identification of potential pharmacological interventions offered through valuable insight in to experimental and clinical acute pancreatitis may lead on to the development of various natural and synthetic potential disease modifiers. Green Tea Extracts (GTE) consumed in many parts of the world has been examined as a potential therapeutic medication. Experimental results have demonstrated the effect of GTE on the oxidative pathway significantly ameliorating the effects of pancreatic injury. The various green tea catechins especially Epigallocatechin-3- gallate (EGCG) can perhaps be useful lead compounds for new drug discovery.With no specific targeted therapy for severe acute pancreatitis at present, various medications have been tested. The possibility of targeting initial acinar cell injury may not be a feasible option as patient presentation and management would usually be after this phase. As the disease progresses, severe acute pancreatitis is characterised by inflammation and necrosis. The hypothesis of preserving pancreatic parenchymal microvascular patency and thus ameliorating pancreatic injury through the early administration of recombinant human Activated Protein C (rhAPC) has identified a potential treatment for acute pancreatitis. rhAPC converted from its inactive precursor, protein C, by thrombin acts through fibrinolysis and inhibition of thrombosis. Studies on rhAPC in experimental acute pancreatitis examined the modulation of rhAPC on inflammatory markers, morphology, microvascular thrombosis and apoptosis. The encouraging results from initial experimental work helped set up the Phase 2 clinical trial of administering rhAPC early on in severe acute pancreatitis. Prior to taking this significant step from bench to bed side, the variation in functional protein C levels with the severity of the disease was examined as a precursor to the Phase 2 trial.


Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Award date1 Aug 2013