This thesis forms part of an ongoing long-term project to investigate the suitability of Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a measurement tool to investigate skin thickness and blood flow in patients with systemic sclerosis.There is a discussion of the characterisation of an electro-optic phase modulator for use in a Doppler OCT imaging system which is being built for the purpose of clinical studies. In addition to this the development of software for the same system is described. The work includes a comparison of two methods of obtaining Doppler information that were tested with the system; a phase resolved method and a correlation mapping method. Initial structural and Doppler images obtained using the system are presented.In addition to this the development of semi-automated software to measure skin thickness from both OCT and high frequency ultrasound images is discussed. The results of a study, for which this software was developed, into skin thickness measurements using both techniques in both patients with systemic sclerosis and healthy controls are presented. Both OCT and high frequency ultrasound were able to measure a statistically significant difference in epidermal thickness at multiple locations on the body.Finally, the modification of a freely available Monte Carlo simulation for light propagation in multi-layered tissue (MCML) to enable the simulation of structural and Doppler OCT images is covered. The simulation was able to extract the magnitude of the simulated flow accurately to within an order of magnitude, and after a simple filter was applied to eliminate fluctuations in the data the structure of the Doppler image closely matched what was modelled.