Biochemical, biophysical and interaction studies of the stress responsive protein hSTRAP

UoM administered thesis: Phd

  • Authors:
  • Karishma Satia

Abstract

STRAP (Stress responsive activator of p300) is a 440 amino acid protein, predicted to have 6 TPR (Tetra-Tri-Co-Peptide Repeats) motifs, known to mediate protein-protein interactions. STRAP has been shown to form a complex with proteins p300 and JMY (Junctional Mediatory Protein), and is implicated in the DNA damage, heat shock response pathway, regulation of the Glucocorticoid receptor and in the function of p53.The aims of this project were to clone, express and purify full length and truncated human STRAP (hSTRAP) variants in high quantities. Full length and shorter hSTRAP fragments, which contain different combinations of the predicted TPR motifs and hence cover different regions, would be then structurally characterised by various structural and biophysical experiments. Another important aim was to identify interacting partners of hSTRAP in breast cancer and to map the position of their interaction sites to different parts of the protein.To this direction GST- and His- tagged full length hSTRAP, as well as His- tagged truncated hSTRAP protein variants have been successfully cloned, expressed and purified. Independent and reproducible biochemical pull-down assays have been carried out in MCF7 breast cancer cells, followed by mass spectrometry-based proteomics analysis which identified 25 hSTRAP-interacting partners from various signaling pathways such as regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and translation. In addition, crystallization trials were carried out using pure His-hSTRAP(1-440) protein, which were unfortunately un-successful. Various hSTRAP protein variants have been characterized by CD, showing that hSTRAP(1-150), His-hSTRAP(1-440), hSTRAP(1-219), hSTRAP(151-284) and hSTRAP(285-440) comprise of alpha and β structures, but the hSTRAP protein variants show no clear cooperative unfolding transitions, suggestive of molten globule states. NMR on hSTRAP(1-219), hSTRAP(1-150) and hSTRAP(151-284) have shown these proteins are not folded at a tertiary structure level.We conclude that a protocol has been established to clone, express and purify various hSTRAP variants and the thermal and secondary structure characteristics of each have been determined, although the 3D structure could not be solved. Pull-down assays followed by proteomic analysis have shown that hSTRAP is implicated in many aspects of cellular regulation.

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Original languageEnglish
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Award date1 Aug 2014