Atherosclerotic renovascular disease: risk prediction and selection for revascularization

UoM administered thesis: Phd

  • Authors:
  • Diana Vassallo

Abstract

Recent large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that renal revascularization does not confer added benefit to unselected patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) treated with multi-targeted medical therapy. Results suggest that contemporary medical vascular protection therapy has contributed to improved clinical outcomes in ARVD. However, patients with ‘high-risk’ clinical features have largely been excluded from RCTs and there is consistent observational evidence that this specific patient subgroup may gain benefit from revascularization. Timely identification of these patients through risk stratification and prediction of outcomes post-revascularization remain important challenges. The main aims of this epidemiological research project were to explore how treatment and clinical end-points in ARVD have evolved over the past three decades, to identify the determinants of long-term end-points in ARVD, to investigate the effect of revascularization in a selected ‘high-risk’ subgroup, to investigate novel biomarker association of key end-points and finally to develop a clinical risk prediction model that can aid risk stratification and patient selection for revascularization. These individual studies were all based on a local database that includes details of demographic and clinical data for patients with ARVD referred to our tertiary renal centre between 1986 and 2014. Primary end-point measures included death, progression to end-stage kidney disease, cardiovascular events and a composite end-point composed of the first of any of the above events. Management of ARVD has been influenced by RCT results, leading to a decline in the number of revascularization procedures performed. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors together with baseline renal function and proteinuria are the most important determinants of adverse events in ARVD thus advocating the use of multi-targeted medical therapy and aggressive risk factor control in all patients with ARVD. Nonetheless ARVD is a heterogenous condition and results of this research project show that revascularization can be of benefit in patients with rapidly deteriorating renal function, bilateral severe ARVD and/or

Details

Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Philip Kalra (Supervisor)
  • Constantina Chrysochou (Supervisor)
Award date1 Aug 2018