Specific research interests:
My research and teaching interests fall into two broad categories: population displacement in world history and the history of modern Europe. These twin interests are also brought together in my commitment to the cultural history of modern war. I would welcome enquiries from prospective graduate students in these fields.
My interests in population displacement derive in the first place from research I carried out into the mass movements of civilians in the Russian empire during the First World War.
Current research projects:
Common Ground [provisional title]: Migration in/to Europe since 1945, for Penguin Books and Basic Books
"Rehabilitation' and population displacement in the post-war world, 1945-1960s', funded by The Leverhulme Trust.
The Korean refugee crisis in the 1950s
The second main element of my research and teaching is modern European history, especially the economic and social history of modern Russia. I published Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia, 1900-1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism (CUP, 1994). I have an interest in the broader economic history of Russia, which led to the publication of The Tsarist Economy, 1850-1917 (Batsford, 1986). My most recent book in this field was Russia's First World War: An Economic and Social History (Pearson, 2005)., but I have also published on the Russian fiscal state, 1600-1914; on the Russian economy in the 20th century; and on reconceptualising the Russian industrial revolution. See under Publications.
My interest in the cultural history of modern war originates from trying to understand the dynamics of World War 1 in Russia. I collaborate with other members of the research centre on the cultural history of war and the interdisciplinary Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI). I am on the editorial board of "1914-1918 online", an international venture based at the Free University of Berlin.