Dr Axele Giroud is Professor of International Business at Manchester Business School, and Visiting Professor with the University of Gothenburg. She is Head of the Comparative and International Business Group. Her previous leadership appointments include President of the Euro-Asia Management Studies Association, Director of the MSc in International Business and Management. She has held positions as Senior Economist with UNCTAD, Researchers with the University of Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne, and Senior Lecturer at Bradford University. Her research interest cover issues of multinational firms strategies, technology transfer, FDI economic impact on host economies, business in emerging markets, international business and sustainable development. Dr Giroud is frequently invited as an expert for international seminars (notably some organised by DFID, the World Bank and the United Nations). She has published extensively in academic journals (notably Journal of World Business, International Business Review, Management International Review, World Development, Asian Business and Management) and has completed several research reports for major organisations such as the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation, the British Department for International Development, the ASEAN Secretariat, and the United Nations. She sits on the editorial board of five academic journals.