Who does Greenpeace India represent? Placing effective limits on the power of INGOs

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The global governance literature is increasingly concerned with questions regarding the purpose of global governance and the sources of power in world politics. One strand of this debate centers on nongovernmental organizations and to what extent their role in global politics and policy processes is legitimate. This article uses Greenpeace India as an instructive case study to analyze the legitimacy problems facing international nongovernmental organizations (INGO s) campaigning on a global policy platform in the context of domestic politics. The article argues that the undertheorization of INGO s' agency as global actors is likely to reproduce processes of structural delegitimation that maintain a discrepancy between two of their legitimacy constructs. This is exemplified in questions about their representativeness and restrictive regulatory frameworks that undermine their legality. This article proposes that developing a more nuanced empirical understanding of the endogenous and exogenous limits of INGO s' power can help bridge the theoretical gap between their global and local agencies.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-619
Number of pages33
JournalGlobal Governance
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019