Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture DivideCitation formats

Standard

Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide. / Osaka, Shannon; Bellamy, Robert.

In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 18.04.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Osaka, S & Bellamy, R 2020, 'Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide', Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

APA

Osaka, S., & Bellamy, R. (Accepted/In press). Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

Vancouver

Osaka S, Bellamy R. Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 2020 Apr 18.

Author

Osaka, Shannon ; Bellamy, Robert. / Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{b8279100ee414439b078b2e93e67aecc,
title = "Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide",
abstract = "Using a new modelling methodology known as “extreme event attribution”, or EEA, climate scientists can now connect extreme weather to anthropogenic forcings. This paper seeks to uncover the significance of extreme event attribution for the epistemology of climate change, nature, and culture in the Anthropocene. First, we examine how EEA is emblematic of a larger turn in climate modelling, one that seeks to deploy anthropogenic climate change as an explanatory tool for an increasing number of socio-natural phenomena. While some theorists have argued that the Anthropocene heralds the end of the nature-culture divide, we argue that EEA and similar modelling technologies seek to separate human influence from the natural variability of weather, thus establishing a new form of nature-culture divide mediated by computer simulation: a divide which we call “partitioned causality”. Secondly, we demonstrate that partitioned causality is enabled by the relative hegemony of modelling technologies in climate change knowledge, as scientists retain substantial influence over who gets to “speak for” climate impacts. Finally, however, interviews with EEA scientists, journalists, and policymakers on the 2011-2017 California drought reveals that extreme event attribution remains a nascent scientific framework, one marked by epistemic slippage and divergent results. Thus, it serves as a powerful example of how emergent attempts to “domesticate” climate often become caught up in sociopolitical conflicts around who – or what – has the power to shape discourses of climate change in the Anthropocene.",
author = "Shannon Osaka and Robert Bellamy",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "18",
language = "English",
journal = "Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers",
issn = "0020-2754",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weather in the Anthropocene: Extreme Event Attribution and a Modelled Nature-Culture Divide

AU - Osaka, Shannon

AU - Bellamy, Robert

PY - 2020/4/18

Y1 - 2020/4/18

N2 - Using a new modelling methodology known as “extreme event attribution”, or EEA, climate scientists can now connect extreme weather to anthropogenic forcings. This paper seeks to uncover the significance of extreme event attribution for the epistemology of climate change, nature, and culture in the Anthropocene. First, we examine how EEA is emblematic of a larger turn in climate modelling, one that seeks to deploy anthropogenic climate change as an explanatory tool for an increasing number of socio-natural phenomena. While some theorists have argued that the Anthropocene heralds the end of the nature-culture divide, we argue that EEA and similar modelling technologies seek to separate human influence from the natural variability of weather, thus establishing a new form of nature-culture divide mediated by computer simulation: a divide which we call “partitioned causality”. Secondly, we demonstrate that partitioned causality is enabled by the relative hegemony of modelling technologies in climate change knowledge, as scientists retain substantial influence over who gets to “speak for” climate impacts. Finally, however, interviews with EEA scientists, journalists, and policymakers on the 2011-2017 California drought reveals that extreme event attribution remains a nascent scientific framework, one marked by epistemic slippage and divergent results. Thus, it serves as a powerful example of how emergent attempts to “domesticate” climate often become caught up in sociopolitical conflicts around who – or what – has the power to shape discourses of climate change in the Anthropocene.

AB - Using a new modelling methodology known as “extreme event attribution”, or EEA, climate scientists can now connect extreme weather to anthropogenic forcings. This paper seeks to uncover the significance of extreme event attribution for the epistemology of climate change, nature, and culture in the Anthropocene. First, we examine how EEA is emblematic of a larger turn in climate modelling, one that seeks to deploy anthropogenic climate change as an explanatory tool for an increasing number of socio-natural phenomena. While some theorists have argued that the Anthropocene heralds the end of the nature-culture divide, we argue that EEA and similar modelling technologies seek to separate human influence from the natural variability of weather, thus establishing a new form of nature-culture divide mediated by computer simulation: a divide which we call “partitioned causality”. Secondly, we demonstrate that partitioned causality is enabled by the relative hegemony of modelling technologies in climate change knowledge, as scientists retain substantial influence over who gets to “speak for” climate impacts. Finally, however, interviews with EEA scientists, journalists, and policymakers on the 2011-2017 California drought reveals that extreme event attribution remains a nascent scientific framework, one marked by epistemic slippage and divergent results. Thus, it serves as a powerful example of how emergent attempts to “domesticate” climate often become caught up in sociopolitical conflicts around who – or what – has the power to shape discourses of climate change in the Anthropocene.

M3 - Article

JO - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

JF - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

SN - 0020-2754

ER -