Vector Based Modelling of Colour Difference A Pilot Study of the DE2000 Colour Difference Model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A novel approach to colour difference modelling is presented whereby for any given CMC (1:1) or CIE DE2000 E C H and L colour difference, the equivalent CIE XYZ, L*a*b*, L*C*h co-ordinate changes are derived by optimizing the input RGB stimuli from which they are all calculated. Single dimension L or C or H difference loci expressed in DE2000 difference units are thus generated and the additive equivalence of Tristimulus values is likewise projected forward onto each locus and also onto a set of CIE DE2000 3-unit ellipse boundaries. Using the datasets thus generated, it is then shown firstly that the derived ellipses have well defined semi axes which explain the detailed orientation of the MacAdam ellipses in x,y,Y space. Unit CIE DE2000 difference is confirmed as a successful quantifying constant of visual difference over a wide range of Chroma Hue and Lightness differences. As a constant, CIE DE2000 unit difference is shown to have significantly variable value at high and low Chroma: Evidence is established for systematic changes in both Chroma and Hue difference sensitivity. A hitherto unresolved nonlinearity is revealed in the C* dimension of L*C*h space that is not replicated in the CIE DE2000 model. The derived difference loci appear to specify physically reproducible experimental stimuli that could be used in the estimation of visual difference magnitude. Overall, the data derived by the new approach and presented in this paper increase the probability that a true vector model of the visual difference response may eventually be derived.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalColoration Technology
Early online date16 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016