Validated Model for Prediction of Adverse Cardiac Outcome in Patients with Fabry Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Christopher Orsborne
  • Laura J Bonnett
  • Luke A, Pleva
  • David G Clark
  • Nik Abidin
  • Peter Woolfson
  • Gaetano Nucifora
  • Matthias Schmitt
  • Ana Jovanovic
  • Anna Reid

Abstract

Background: The cardiac manifestations of Fabry disease are the leading cause of death, but risk stratification remains inadequate. Identifying patients who are at risk of adverse cardiac outcome may facilitate more evidence-based treatment guidance. Contemporary cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) biomarkers have become widely adopted but their prognostic value remains unclear.
Objectives: Our objective was to develop, internally validate, and evaluate the performance of, a prognostic model, including contemporary deep phenotyping, which can be used to generate individual risk estimates for adverse cardiac outcome in patients with Fabry disease.
Methods: Longitudinal prospective cohort study of 200 consecutive patients with Fabry disease undergoing clinical CMR. Median follow-up 4.5 (2.7 – 6.3) years. Prognostic models were developed using Cox proportional hazards modelling. Outcome was a composite of adverse cardiac events. Model performance was evaluated. A risk calculator, which provides 5-year estimated risk of adverse cardiac outcome for individual patients, including males and females, was generated.
Results: The highest performing, internally validated, parsimonious multivariable model included age, native myocardial T1 dispersion (standard deviation of per voxel myocardial T1 relaxation times), and indexed left ventricular mass. Median optimism-adjusted c-statistic across 5 imputed model development datasets was 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.70 – 0.84). Model calibration was excellent across the full risk profile.
Conclusions: This study developed and internally validated a risk prediction model that accurately predicts 5-year risk of adverse cardiac outcome for individual patients with Fabry disease, including males and females, which could easily be integrated into clinical care. External validation is warranted.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Jun 2022