Understanding the seeding mechanism of hierarchically porous zeolite/carbon composites

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Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated a new synthesis route for hierarchically porous zeolite composites by mechanical modification of the support surface using ultrasonication in a nanoparticle suspension. It was believed that target zeolites should be added as seeds for the sonication. In this study, the effect of nanoparticles was investigated with ultrasonication to understand the crystallization mechanism of zeolites obtained by the nanoparticles–assisted synthesis. It has been found that the nanoparticles under the influence of ultrasonication generate fissures or cracks as nucleation sites on the carbon surface. These nanoparticles such as zeolite A, γ-Al2O3, quartz and sand are different from the target zeolite X. Therefore, an amorphous aluminosilicate gel nucleates at those cracks during the hydrothermal treatment. Thus, the mechanical activation of the support surface is the process to induce the formation of strongly attached zeolite X over the template, not a seeding step. This is confirmed as an attachment due to the weak bond between the support and the zeolite for ‘non-seeded’ composites whereas the ‘seeded’ composites have a robust structure which maintains a zeolite coating upon mechanical agitation.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages7
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume268
Early online date12 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018

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