Understanding SME responses to environmental regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Interviews with UK manufacturing SMEs (small and medium enterprises) confirm, in aggregate, that traditional regulation drives environmental behaviour. Yet, beneath this aggregate picture, there are groups of firms that respond to regulation differently. Furthermore, within the aggregate and group levels there exist further differences across firms. SME responses can thus be understood as groups and subgroups of firms that at the same time are distinct. These identifiable differences result from firms' capacities and orientations, which are factors that determine receptiveness to regulation. The findings provide a more sophisticated account of SME behaviour than existed previously, and help us understand why and how regulatory measures may underperform. © 2013 © 2013 University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1239
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Issue number8
Early online date30 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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