Tunneling theory for a bilayer graphene quantum dot's single- and two-electron states

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The tuneability and control of quantum nanostructures in two-dimensional materials offer promising perspectives for their use in future electronics. It is hence necessary to analyze quantum transport in such nanostructures. Material properties such as a complex dispersion, topology, and charge carriers with multiple degrees of freedom, are appealing for novel device functionalities but complicate their theoretical description. Here, we study quantum tunnelling transport across a few-electron bilayer graphene quantum dot. We demonstrate how to uniquely identify single- and two-electron dot states' orbital, spin, and valley composition from differential conductance in a finite magnetic field. Furthermore, we show that the transport features manifest splittings in the dot's spin and valley multiplets induced by interactions and magnetic field (the latter splittings being a consequence of bilayer graphene's Berry curvature). Our results elucidate spin- and valley-dependent tunnelling mechanisms and will help to utilize bilayer graphene quantum dots, e.g., as spin and valley qubits.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Early online date11 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022