Trans-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis of prostate cancer identifies new susceptibility loci and informs genetic risk prediction

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  • External authors:
  • David V Conti
  • Burcu F Darst
  • Lilit C Moss
  • Edward J Saunders
  • Xin Sheng
  • Alisha Chou
  • Fredrick R Schumacher
  • Ali Amin Al Olama
  • Sara Benlloch
  • Tokhir Dadaev
  • Mark N Brook
  • Ali Sahimi
  • Thomas J Hoffmann
  • Atushi Takahashi
  • Koichi Matsuda
  • Yukihide Momozawa
  • Masashi Fujita
  • Peggy Wan
  • Loic Le Marchand
  • Lynne R Wilkens
  • Victoria L Stevens
  • Susan M Gapstur
  • Brian D Carter
  • Johanna Schleutker
  • Teuvo L J Tammela
  • Csilla Sipeky
  • Anssi Auvinen
  • Graham G Giles
  • Melissa C Southey
  • Robert J MacInnis
  • Cezary Cybulski
  • Dominika Wokołorczyk
  • Jan Lubiński
  • David E Neal
  • Jenny L Donovan
  • Freddie C Hamdy
  • Richard M Martin
  • Børge G Nordestgaard
  • Sune F Nielsen
  • Maren Weischer
  • Stig E Bojesen
  • Martin Andreas Røder
  • Peter Iversen
  • Jyotsna Batra
  • Suzanne Chambers
  • Leire Moya
  • Lisa Horvath
  • Judith A Clements
  • Wayne Tilley
  • Gail P Risbridger
  • Henrik Gronberg
  • Markus Aly
  • Robert Szulkin
  • Martin Eklund
  • Tobias Nordström
  • Nora Pashayan
  • Alison M Dunning
  • Maya Ghoussaini
  • Ruth C Travis
  • Tim J Key
  • Elio Riboli
  • Jong Y Park
  • Thomas A Sellers
  • Hui-Yi Lin
  • Demetrius Albanes
  • Stephanie J Weinstein
  • Lorelei A Mucci
  • Edward Giovannucci
  • Sara Lindstrom
  • Peter Kraft
  • David J Hunter
  • Kathryn L Penney
  • Constance Turman
  • Catherine M Tangen
  • Phyllis J Goodman
  • Ian M Thompson
  • Robert J Hamilton
  • Neil E Fleshner
  • Antonio Finelli
  • Marie-Élise Parent
  • Janet L Stanford
  • Elaine A Ostrander
  • Milan S Geybels
  • Stella Koutros
  • Laura E Beane Freeman
  • Meir Stampfer
  • Alicja Wolk
  • Niclas Håkansson
  • Gerald L Andriole
  • Robert N Hoover
  • Mitchell J Machiela
  • Karina Dalsgaard Sørensen
  • Michael Borre
  • William J Blot
  • Wei Zheng
  • Edward D Yeboah
  • James E Mensah
  • Yong-Jie Lu
  • Hong-Wei Zhang
  • Ninghan Feng
  • Xueying Mao
  • Yudong Wu
  • Shan-Chao Zhao
  • Zan Sun
  • Stephen N Thibodeau
  • Shannon K McDonnell
  • Daniel J Schaid
  • Gill Barnett
  • Christiane Maier
  • Thomas Schnoeller
  • Manuel Luedeke
  • Adam S Kibel
  • Bettina F Drake
  • Olivier Cussenot
  • Géraldine Cancel-Tassin
  • Florence Menegaux
  • Thérèse Truong
  • Yves Akoli Koudou
  • Esther M John
  • Eli Marie Grindedal
  • Lovise Maehle
  • Kay-Tee Khaw
  • Sue A Ingles
  • Mariana C Stern
  • Ana Vega
  • Antonio Gómez-Caamaño
  • Laura Fachal
  • Barry S Rosenstein
  • Sarah L Kerns
  • Harry Ostrer
  • Manuel R Teixeira
  • Paula Paulo
  • Andreia Brandão
  • Stephen Watya
  • Alexander Lubwama
  • Jeannette T Bensen
  • Elizabeth T H Fontham
  • James Mohler
  • Jack A Taylor
  • Manolis Kogevinas
  • Javier Llorca
  • Gemma Castaño-Vinyals
  • Lisa Cannon-Albright
  • Craig C Teerlink
  • Chad D Huff
  • Sara S Strom
  • Luc Multigner
  • Pascal Blanchet
  • Laurent Brureau
  • Radka Kaneva
  • Chavdar Slavov
  • Vanio Mitev
  • Robin J Leach
  • Brandi Weaver
  • Hermann Brenner
  • Katarina Cuk
  • Bernd Holleczek
  • Kai-Uwe Saum
  • Eric A Klein
  • Ann W Hsing
  • Rick A Kittles
  • Adam B Murphy
  • Christopher J Logothetis
  • Jeri Kim
  • Susan L Neuhausen
  • Linda Steele
  • Yuan Chun Ding
  • William B Isaacs
  • Barbara Nemesure
  • Anselm J M Hennis
  • John Carpten
  • Hardev Pandha
  • Agnieszka Michael
  • Kim De Ruyck
  • Gert De Meerleer
  • Piet Ost
  • Jianfeng Xu
  • Azad Razack
  • Jasmine Lim
  • Soo-Hwang Teo
  • Lisa F Newcomb
  • Daniel W Lin
  • Jay H Fowke
  • Christine Neslund-Dudas
  • Benjamin A Rybicki
  • Marija Gamulin
  • Davor Lessel
  • Tomislav Kulis
  • Nawaid Usmani
  • Sandeep Singhal
  • Matthew Parliament
  • Frank Claessens
  • Steven Joniau
  • Thomas Van den Broeck
  • Manuela Gago-Dominguez
  • Jose Esteban Castelao
  • Maria Elena Martinez
  • Samantha Larkin
  • Claire Aukim-Hastie
  • William S Bush
  • Melinda C Aldrich
  • Dana C Crawford
  • Shiv Srivastava
  • Jennifer C Cullen
  • Gyorgy Petrovics
  • Graham Casey
  • Monique J Roobol
  • Guido Jenster
  • Ron H N van Schaik
  • Jennifer J Hu
  • Maureen Sanderson
  • Rohit Varma
  • Roberta McKean-Cowdin
  • Mina Torres
  • Nicholas Mancuso
  • Sonja I Berndt
  • Stephen K Van Den Eeden
  • Douglas F Easton
  • Stephen J Chanock
  • Michael B Cook
  • Fredrik Wiklund
  • Hidewaki Nakagawa
  • John S Witte
  • Rosalind A Eeles
  • Zsofia Kote-Jarai
  • Christopher A Haiman

Abstract

Prostate cancer is a highly heritable disease with large disparities in incidence rates across ancestry populations. We conducted a multiancestry meta-analysis of prostate cancer genome-wide association studies (107,247 cases and 127,006 controls) and identified 86 new genetic risk variants independently associated with prostate cancer risk, bringing the total to 269 known risk variants. The top genetic risk score (GRS) decile was associated with odds ratios that ranged from 5.06 (95% confidence interval (CI), 4.84-5.29) for men of European ancestry to 3.74 (95% CI, 3.36-4.17) for men of African ancestry. Men of African ancestry were estimated to have a mean GRS that was 2.18-times higher (95% CI, 2.14-2.22), and men of East Asian ancestry 0.73-times lower (95% CI, 0.71-0.76), than men of European ancestry. These findings support the role of germline variation contributing to population differences in prostate cancer risk, with the GRS offering an approach for personalized risk prediction.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalNature Genetics
Volume53
Issue number1
Early online date4 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2021