Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlandsCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Danielle M. Alderson
  • Michael Pilkington
  • Tom Spencer
  • Jonathan Walker

Standard

Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands. / Alderson, Danielle M.; Evans, Martin G.; Shuttleworth, Emma L.; Pilkington, Michael; Spencer, Tom; Walker, Jonathan; Allott, Timothy E.h.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 665, 15.05.2019, p. 785-796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Alderson, DM, Evans, MG, Shuttleworth, EL, Pilkington, M, Spencer, T, Walker, J & Allott, TEH 2019, 'Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 665, pp. 785-796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095

APA

Alderson, D. M., Evans, M. G., Shuttleworth, E. L., Pilkington, M., Spencer, T., Walker, J., & Allott, T. E. H. (2019). Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands. Science of the Total Environment, 665, 785-796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095

Vancouver

Alderson DM, Evans MG, Shuttleworth EL, Pilkington M, Spencer T, Walker J et al. Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands. Science of the Total Environment. 2019 May 15;665:785-796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095

Author

Alderson, Danielle M. ; Evans, Martin G. ; Shuttleworth, Emma L. ; Pilkington, Michael ; Spencer, Tom ; Walker, Jonathan ; Allott, Timothy E.h. / Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 665. pp. 785-796.

Bibtex

@article{3398683ba2344aac8b8332d2ff975a67,
title = "Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands",
abstract = "Peatlands provide a range of ecosystem services but are sensitive to changes in climate and land-use, and many peatlands globally are degraded. We analyse a large-scale, unique and diverse dataset, collected over 15 years, as part of major landscape scale blanket peat restoration projects in the south Pennines, UK. Trajectories of ecosystem change after restoration were assessed by measuring key ecosystem responses including: vegetation cover and indicator species; water table, runoff, and water quality.The reactions of these metrics vary in their behaviour, both in the timing of first response and the rate of change towards a new stable state. Re-establishment of vegetation is a key driver in rapidly reducing particulate carbon loss and attenuating stormflow, while over time biodiversity is improved by the return of native species, and water tables gradually rise. The phasing of these ecosystem service responses indicates that there are different characteristic timescales for the improvement of peatland functions, driven by both surface and subsurface processes. The rapid establishment of vegetation cover over two years, and its importance in improving a broad range of functions, signify it as a key milestone for reporting project success within typical funding timeframes.This study supports the adoption of Lime-Fertiliser-Seed-Mulch restoration on eroding blanket peatlands globally. The trajectories developed are important to help guide practitioners of ecological restoration. Better understanding of the dynamics underpinning the slower response times of subsurface hydrological and biogeochemical function is identified as a key knowledge gap. An understanding of the limits of ecosystems recovery is important when target setting for restoration projects, especially where attaining pristine conditions is unachievable.",
keywords = "Peatland restoration, Restoration success criteria, Ecosystem services, Restoration trajectories",
author = "Alderson, {Danielle M.} and Evans, {Martin G.} and Shuttleworth, {Emma L.} and Michael Pilkington and Tom Spencer and Jonathan Walker and Allott, {Timothy E.h.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095",
language = "English",
volume = "665",
pages = "785--796",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trajectories of ecosystem change in restored blanket peatlands

AU - Alderson, Danielle M.

AU - Evans, Martin G.

AU - Shuttleworth, Emma L.

AU - Pilkington, Michael

AU - Spencer, Tom

AU - Walker, Jonathan

AU - Allott, Timothy E.h.

PY - 2019/5/15

Y1 - 2019/5/15

N2 - Peatlands provide a range of ecosystem services but are sensitive to changes in climate and land-use, and many peatlands globally are degraded. We analyse a large-scale, unique and diverse dataset, collected over 15 years, as part of major landscape scale blanket peat restoration projects in the south Pennines, UK. Trajectories of ecosystem change after restoration were assessed by measuring key ecosystem responses including: vegetation cover and indicator species; water table, runoff, and water quality.The reactions of these metrics vary in their behaviour, both in the timing of first response and the rate of change towards a new stable state. Re-establishment of vegetation is a key driver in rapidly reducing particulate carbon loss and attenuating stormflow, while over time biodiversity is improved by the return of native species, and water tables gradually rise. The phasing of these ecosystem service responses indicates that there are different characteristic timescales for the improvement of peatland functions, driven by both surface and subsurface processes. The rapid establishment of vegetation cover over two years, and its importance in improving a broad range of functions, signify it as a key milestone for reporting project success within typical funding timeframes.This study supports the adoption of Lime-Fertiliser-Seed-Mulch restoration on eroding blanket peatlands globally. The trajectories developed are important to help guide practitioners of ecological restoration. Better understanding of the dynamics underpinning the slower response times of subsurface hydrological and biogeochemical function is identified as a key knowledge gap. An understanding of the limits of ecosystems recovery is important when target setting for restoration projects, especially where attaining pristine conditions is unachievable.

AB - Peatlands provide a range of ecosystem services but are sensitive to changes in climate and land-use, and many peatlands globally are degraded. We analyse a large-scale, unique and diverse dataset, collected over 15 years, as part of major landscape scale blanket peat restoration projects in the south Pennines, UK. Trajectories of ecosystem change after restoration were assessed by measuring key ecosystem responses including: vegetation cover and indicator species; water table, runoff, and water quality.The reactions of these metrics vary in their behaviour, both in the timing of first response and the rate of change towards a new stable state. Re-establishment of vegetation is a key driver in rapidly reducing particulate carbon loss and attenuating stormflow, while over time biodiversity is improved by the return of native species, and water tables gradually rise. The phasing of these ecosystem service responses indicates that there are different characteristic timescales for the improvement of peatland functions, driven by both surface and subsurface processes. The rapid establishment of vegetation cover over two years, and its importance in improving a broad range of functions, signify it as a key milestone for reporting project success within typical funding timeframes.This study supports the adoption of Lime-Fertiliser-Seed-Mulch restoration on eroding blanket peatlands globally. The trajectories developed are important to help guide practitioners of ecological restoration. Better understanding of the dynamics underpinning the slower response times of subsurface hydrological and biogeochemical function is identified as a key knowledge gap. An understanding of the limits of ecosystems recovery is important when target setting for restoration projects, especially where attaining pristine conditions is unachievable.

KW - Peatland restoration

KW - Restoration success criteria

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Restoration trajectories

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061650167&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/trajectories-ecosystem-change-restored-blanket-peatlands

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.095

M3 - Article

VL - 665

SP - 785

EP - 796

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -