Tolerance to nascent protein misfolding stress requires fine-tuning of the cAMP/PKA pathway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Paraskevi Kritsiligkou
  • Karol Nowicki-Osuch
  • Zorana Carter
  • Alan Weids

Abstract

Protein aggregation is the abnormal association of misfolded proteins into larger, often insoluble structures that can be toxic during ageing and in protein aggregation-associated diseases. Previous research has established a role for the cytosolic Tsa1 peroxiredoxin in responding to protein misfolding stress. Tsa1 is also known to downregulate the cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway as part of the response to hydrogen peroxide stress. However, whether the cAMP/PKA pathway is involved in protein misfolding stress is not known. Using transcriptomics, we examined the response to protein misfolding stress and found up-regulation of numerous stress gene functions and down regulation of many genes related to protein synthesis and other growth-related processes consistent with the well characterized environmental stress response. The scope of the transcriptional response is largely similar in wild-type and tsa1 mutant strains, but the magnitude is dampened in the strain lacking Tsa1. We identified a direct protein interaction between Tsa1 and the Bcy1 regulatory subunit of PKA that is present under normal growth conditions and explains the observed differences in gene expression profiles. This interaction is increased in a redox-dependent manner in response to nascent protein misfolding, via Tsa1-mediated oxidation of Bcy1. Oxidation of Bcy1 causes a reduction in cAMP binding by Bcy1 which dampens PKA pathway activity, leading to a targeted reprogramming of gene expression. Redox regulation of the regulatory subunit of PKA provides a mechanism to mitigate the toxic consequences of protein misfolding stress that is distinct to stress caused by exogenous sources of reactive oxygen species.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Apr 2021