Thickness measurement of non-magnetic steel plates using a novel planar triple-coil sensor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Xiaobai Meng
  • Zhigang Qu
  • Fanfu Wu
  • Jiawei Tang
  • Hanyang Xu
  • Ruochen Huang
  • Ziqi Chen
  • Qian Zhao
  • Zhijie Zhang


In the eddy current testing, the impedance tested by the sensor is influenced by the lift-off between the sensor and the sample plate. Consequently, the thickness inferred from the measured impedance is also affected by the lift-off. In this paper, a novel planar triple-coil air-core sensor is designed, in which three coils (two excitation coils and one receiving coil) with different radii are co-axially arranged in the same plane. Based on this sensor setup, an algorithm for the thickness measurement of the non-magnetic metallic plate is proposed. By using the transmitter-receiver combinations and the proposed algorithm, the measured thickness is almost immune to the lift-off variation. Moreover, previously the measurement of thickness requires a complex frequency feature – peak frequency for the real part of the impedance, which is obtained from the multi-frequency impedance or inductance spectra (frequency-sweeping mode), while with the method proposed in this paper, only single frequency measurement is needed, hence relaxing the instrument and measurement requirements. This method has a potential of on-line real-time measurement of the thickness for non-magnetic steel plates.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102148
JournalNDT & E International
Early online date23 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019