Thermal Metamorphism on the Moon as Recorded by the Granulite Suite

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Thermally metamorphosed rocks on the Moon are an important, yet under-studied suite of lithologies identified within the Apollo and lunar meteorite collections. These rocks, with granoblastic and poikilitic textures, are generally referred to as granulites. However, unlike their terrestrial counterparts which are the metamorphic products of both high temperatures and pressures, lunar granulites are thought to be the products of only high-temperature (> 1000 oC) thermal metamorphism that completely recrystallised their protoliths. We summarise the range of textures and chemical systematics reported from lunar granulites. These data enable constraints to be placed on the thermal conditions in the crust required for high-temperature metamorphism to have taken place. Most studies indicate that impact melt sheets have the relevant thermal properties to sustain high temperatures over the time scales required to recrystallise surrounding crustal lithologies. However, the roles of alternative heat sources, such as magmatic intrusions into the crust, have not been extensively investigated and, as such, cannot be ruled out. Additionally, chemical data yields insights into the protoliths of the granulite suite. By identifying protoliths, we enhance our understanding of the range of lithologies that make up the primary crust. In turn, this enables crustal formation models to be better constrained.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjgs2021-044
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2021

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