The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studiesCitation formats

  • Authors:
  • Alex M. Wood
  • John Maltby
  • Raphael Gillett
  • P. Alex Linley
  • Stephen Joseph

Standard

The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies. / Wood, Alex M.; Maltby, John; Gillett, Raphael; Linley, P. Alex; Joseph, Stephen.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 42, No. 4, 08.2008, p. 854-871.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wood, AM, Maltby, J, Gillett, R, Linley, PA & Joseph, S 2008, 'The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies' Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 854-871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003

APA

Wood, A. M., Maltby, J., Gillett, R., Linley, P. A., & Joseph, S. (2008). The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(4), 854-871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003

Vancouver

Wood AM, Maltby J, Gillett R, Linley PA, Joseph S. The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality. 2008 Aug;42(4):854-871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003

Author

Wood, Alex M. ; Maltby, John ; Gillett, Raphael ; Linley, P. Alex ; Joseph, Stephen. / The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies. In: Journal of Research in Personality. 2008 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 854-871.

Bibtex

@article{1be43a269155405facc3f4126ff161b8,
title = "The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies",
abstract = "In two longitudinal studies, the authors examined the direction of the relationships between trait gratitude, perceived social support, stress, and depression during a life transition. Both studies used a full cross-lagged panel design, with participants completing all measures at the start and end of their first semester at college. Structural equation modeling was used to compare models of direct, reverse, and reciprocal models of directionality. Both studies supported a direct model whereby gratitude led to higher levels of perceived social support, and lower levels of stress and depression. In contrast, no variable led to gratitude, and most models of mediation were discounted. Study 2 additionally showed that gratitude leads to the other variables independently of the Big Five factors of personality. Overall gratitude seems to directly foster social support, and to protect people from stress and depression, which has implications for clinical interventions. {\circledC} 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Depression, Gratitude, Individual differences, Longitudinal, Personality, Positive psychology, SEM, Social support, Stress, Structural equation modeling, Well-being",
author = "Wood, {Alex M.} and John Maltby and Raphael Gillett and Linley, {P. Alex} and Stephen Joseph",
year = "2008",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "854--871",
journal = "Journal of Research in Personality",
issn = "0092-6566",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of gratitude in the development of social support, stress, and depression: Two longitudinal studies

AU - Wood, Alex M.

AU - Maltby, John

AU - Gillett, Raphael

AU - Linley, P. Alex

AU - Joseph, Stephen

PY - 2008/8

Y1 - 2008/8

N2 - In two longitudinal studies, the authors examined the direction of the relationships between trait gratitude, perceived social support, stress, and depression during a life transition. Both studies used a full cross-lagged panel design, with participants completing all measures at the start and end of their first semester at college. Structural equation modeling was used to compare models of direct, reverse, and reciprocal models of directionality. Both studies supported a direct model whereby gratitude led to higher levels of perceived social support, and lower levels of stress and depression. In contrast, no variable led to gratitude, and most models of mediation were discounted. Study 2 additionally showed that gratitude leads to the other variables independently of the Big Five factors of personality. Overall gratitude seems to directly foster social support, and to protect people from stress and depression, which has implications for clinical interventions. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AB - In two longitudinal studies, the authors examined the direction of the relationships between trait gratitude, perceived social support, stress, and depression during a life transition. Both studies used a full cross-lagged panel design, with participants completing all measures at the start and end of their first semester at college. Structural equation modeling was used to compare models of direct, reverse, and reciprocal models of directionality. Both studies supported a direct model whereby gratitude led to higher levels of perceived social support, and lower levels of stress and depression. In contrast, no variable led to gratitude, and most models of mediation were discounted. Study 2 additionally showed that gratitude leads to the other variables independently of the Big Five factors of personality. Overall gratitude seems to directly foster social support, and to protect people from stress and depression, which has implications for clinical interventions. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KW - Depression

KW - Gratitude

KW - Individual differences

KW - Longitudinal

KW - Personality

KW - Positive psychology

KW - SEM

KW - Social support

KW - Stress

KW - Structural equation modeling

KW - Well-being

U2 - 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.11.003

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 854

EP - 871

JO - Journal of Research in Personality

JF - Journal of Research in Personality

SN - 0092-6566

IS - 4

ER -