The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedemaCitation formats

  • Authors:
  • D. W. Denning
  • M. G. Dunnigan
  • J. Tillman
  • J. A. Davis
  • C. A. Forrest

Standard

The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema. / Denning, D. W.; Dunnigan, M. G.; Tillman, J.; Davis, J. A.; Forrest, C. A.

In: Postgraduate medical journal, Vol. 66, No. 775, 01.05.1990, p. 363-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Denning, DW, Dunnigan, MG, Tillman, J, Davis, JA & Forrest, CA 1990, 'The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema', Postgraduate medical journal, vol. 66, no. 775, pp. 363-366. https://doi.org/10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363

APA

Denning, D. W., Dunnigan, M. G., Tillman, J., Davis, J. A., & Forrest, C. A. (1990). The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema. Postgraduate medical journal, 66(775), 363-366. https://doi.org/10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363

Vancouver

Denning DW, Dunnigan MG, Tillman J, Davis JA, Forrest CA. The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema. Postgraduate medical journal. 1990 May 1;66(775):363-366. https://doi.org/10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363

Author

Denning, D. W. ; Dunnigan, M. G. ; Tillman, J. ; Davis, J. A. ; Forrest, C. A. / The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema. In: Postgraduate medical journal. 1990 ; Vol. 66, No. 775. pp. 363-366.

Bibtex

@article{74fa7f19629b427291cb2e8937c9c0b7,
title = "The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema",
abstract = "A sample of women attending a gynaecological ouytpatient clinic were examined for symptoms and objective signs of fluid retention. Patients completed a questionnaire on symptoms suggesting fluid retention and recorded daily weight and abdominal girth variation. Daily weight variation varied from 0-9 pounds (mode 2 pounds) with no discernable difference between premenstrual and intermenstrual variation. Daily girth variation varied from 0-6 inches (mode 1 inch). Symptoms of breast swelling were more common premenstrually, finger/hand and ankle swelling intermenstrually and abdominal swelling occurred with equal frequency in both periods. No correlation between symptoms and weight variation was seen although abdominal swelling and girth variation were associated (P < 0.04). The results indicate that symptoms of mild fluid retention and of diurnal weight and abdominal girth variation are part of the everyday experience of our study population. There is no clear-cut separation between 'normal' and 'abnormal' fluid retention (idiopathic oedema, periodic oedema, fluid retention syndrome); the latter may be an exaggeration of normal fluid-retaining mechanisms common to most women or may represent a pathological state. An approach which evaluates individual risk factors and the severity of fluid retention in each patient is recommended.",
author = "Denning, {D. W.} and Dunnigan, {M. G.} and J. Tillman and Davis, {J. A.} and Forrest, {C. A.}",
year = "1990",
month = may,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "363--366",
journal = "Postgraduate medical journal",
issn = "0032-5473",
publisher = "BMJ ",
number = "775",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between 'normal' fluid retention in women and idiopathic oedema

AU - Denning, D. W.

AU - Dunnigan, M. G.

AU - Tillman, J.

AU - Davis, J. A.

AU - Forrest, C. A.

PY - 1990/5/1

Y1 - 1990/5/1

N2 - A sample of women attending a gynaecological ouytpatient clinic were examined for symptoms and objective signs of fluid retention. Patients completed a questionnaire on symptoms suggesting fluid retention and recorded daily weight and abdominal girth variation. Daily weight variation varied from 0-9 pounds (mode 2 pounds) with no discernable difference between premenstrual and intermenstrual variation. Daily girth variation varied from 0-6 inches (mode 1 inch). Symptoms of breast swelling were more common premenstrually, finger/hand and ankle swelling intermenstrually and abdominal swelling occurred with equal frequency in both periods. No correlation between symptoms and weight variation was seen although abdominal swelling and girth variation were associated (P < 0.04). The results indicate that symptoms of mild fluid retention and of diurnal weight and abdominal girth variation are part of the everyday experience of our study population. There is no clear-cut separation between 'normal' and 'abnormal' fluid retention (idiopathic oedema, periodic oedema, fluid retention syndrome); the latter may be an exaggeration of normal fluid-retaining mechanisms common to most women or may represent a pathological state. An approach which evaluates individual risk factors and the severity of fluid retention in each patient is recommended.

AB - A sample of women attending a gynaecological ouytpatient clinic were examined for symptoms and objective signs of fluid retention. Patients completed a questionnaire on symptoms suggesting fluid retention and recorded daily weight and abdominal girth variation. Daily weight variation varied from 0-9 pounds (mode 2 pounds) with no discernable difference between premenstrual and intermenstrual variation. Daily girth variation varied from 0-6 inches (mode 1 inch). Symptoms of breast swelling were more common premenstrually, finger/hand and ankle swelling intermenstrually and abdominal swelling occurred with equal frequency in both periods. No correlation between symptoms and weight variation was seen although abdominal swelling and girth variation were associated (P < 0.04). The results indicate that symptoms of mild fluid retention and of diurnal weight and abdominal girth variation are part of the everyday experience of our study population. There is no clear-cut separation between 'normal' and 'abnormal' fluid retention (idiopathic oedema, periodic oedema, fluid retention syndrome); the latter may be an exaggeration of normal fluid-retaining mechanisms common to most women or may represent a pathological state. An approach which evaluates individual risk factors and the severity of fluid retention in each patient is recommended.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025307637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363

DO - 10.1136/pgmj.66.775.363

M3 - Article

C2 - 2371185

AN - SCOPUS:0025307637

VL - 66

SP - 363

EP - 366

JO - Postgraduate medical journal

JF - Postgraduate medical journal

SN - 0032-5473

IS - 775

ER -