Background: The microvascular contrast agent transfer constant Ktrans has shown prognostic value in cervical cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy. This study aims to determine whether this is explained by the contribution to Ktrans of plasma flow (Fp), vessel permeability surface-area product (PS), or a combination of both.Methods: Pre-treatment dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) data from 36 patients were analysed using the two-compartment exchange model. Estimates of Fp, PS, Ktrans, and fractional plasma and interstitial volumes (vp and ve) were made and used in univariate and multivariate survival analyses adjusting for clinicopathologic variables tumour stage, nodal status, histological subtype, patient age, tumour volume, and treatment type (chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone). Results: In univariate analyses, Fp (HR=0.25, P=0.0095) and Ktrans (HR=0.20, P=0.032) were significantly associated with disease-free survival while PS, vp and ve were not. In multivariate analyses adjusting for clinicopathologic variables, Fp and Ktrans significantly increased the accuracy of survival predictions (P=0.0089).Conclusions: The prognostic value of Ktrans in cervical cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy is explained by microvascular plasma flow (Fp) rather than vessel permeability surface-area product (PS).