The prehistory of biology preprints: A forgotten experiment from the 1960s

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In 1961, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) began to circulate biological preprints in a for- gotten experiment called the Information Exchange Groups (IEGs). This system eventually attracted over 3,600 participants and saw the production of over 2,500 different documents, but by 1967, it was effectively shut down following the refusal of journals to accept articles that had been circulated as preprints. This article charts the rise and fall of the IEGs and explores the parallels with the 1990s and the biomedical preprint movement of today.

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2003995
JournalPLoS Biology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2017

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