Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Association between Ambient Nitrogen Dioxide and Respiratory Disease in China

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • Authors:
  • Jiyao Sun
  • Andrew J. Barnes
  • Dongyang He
  • Meng Wang
  • Jian Wang

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess the quantitative effects of short-term exposure of ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on respiratory disease (RD) mortality and RD hospital admission in China through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A total of 29 publications were finally selected from searches in PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang databases. Generic inverse variance method was used to pool effect estimates. Pooled estimates were used to represent the increased risk of RD mortality and RD hospital admission per 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration. Results: Positive correlations were found between short-term NO2 exposure and RD in China. RD mortality and RD hospital admission respectively increased by 1.4% (95% CI: 1.1%, 1.7%) and 1.0% (95% CI: 0.5%, 1.5%) per 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration. Differences were observed across geographic regions of China. The risk of RD mortality due to NO2 was higher in the southern region (1.7%) than in the north (0.7%). Conclusions: Evidence was found that short-term exposure to NO2 was associated with an increased risk of RD mortality and RD hospital admission in China and these risks were more pronounced in the southern regions of the country, due in part to a larger proportion of elderly persons with increased susceptibility to NO2 in the population compared with the north.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume14
Early online date14 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jun 2017