Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndromeCitation formats

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Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome. / Carruthers, Helen R.; Miller, Vivien; Tarrier, Nicholas; Whorwell, Peter J.

In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences, Vol. 57, No. 6, 06.2012, p. 1629-1635.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Carruthers, HR, Miller, V, Tarrier, N & Whorwell, PJ 2012, 'Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome', Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1629-1635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2

APA

Carruthers, H. R., Miller, V., Tarrier, N., & Whorwell, P. J. (2012). Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 57(6), 1629-1635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2

Vancouver

Carruthers HR, Miller V, Tarrier N, Whorwell PJ. Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome. Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 2012 Jun;57(6):1629-1635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2

Author

Carruthers, Helen R. ; Miller, Vivien ; Tarrier, Nicholas ; Whorwell, Peter J. / Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome. In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 57, No. 6. pp. 1629-1635.

Bibtex

@article{8f7febdb906c4eaabbc882a0131e382a,
title = "Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome",
abstract = "Background and Aims: Synesthesia is a sensory disorder where the stimulation of one sensory modality can lead to a reaction in another which would not usually be expected to respond; for instance, someone might seeacolor onhearing a word such as a day of the week. Disordered perception of sensory information also appears to contribute to the path-ophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The purpose of this exploratory study was to ascertain whether these two conditions might be linked in any way. Methods: Two hundred consecutive IBS outpatients were screened for synesthesia and compared with 200 matched healthy volunteers (controls). Positive responders were tested for two types of synesthesia (grapheme-color and music-color/shape) using a questionnaire which was repeated after 3 months to test for reproducibility. Results Of the 200 IBS outpatients screened, 26 (13{\%}) patients and six (3{\%}) controls claimed to be synesthetic (P <0.001). Reproducibility was more variable in IBS patients than controls but despite this variability, 15 (7.5{\%}) patients compared with 5 (2.5{\%}) controls had greater than 75{\%} consistency (P = 0.036), and 19 (9.5{\%}) patients and 6 (3{\%}) controls had greater than 50{\%} consistency (P = 0.012). A reproducibility of less than 50{\%} was observed in seven (3.5{\%}) patients and no controls (0{\%}) (P = 0.015), and these individuals were classified as having pseudo-synesthesia. Conclusion: IBS patients clearly differ from controls in terms of claiming to have synesthetic experiences. These results justify additional studies on the relationship between IBS and synesthesia to further understand the neural mechanisms underpinning these two conditions and to establish whether they may be linked. {\circledC} Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.",
keywords = "Irritable bowel syndrome, Perception, Synesthesia, Visceral sensitivity",
author = "Carruthers, {Helen R.} and Vivien Miller and Nicholas Tarrier and Whorwell, {Peter J.}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "1629--1635",
journal = "Digestive Diseases and Sciences",
issn = "0163-2116",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synesthesia, pseudo-synesthesia, and irritable bowel syndrome

AU - Carruthers, Helen R.

AU - Miller, Vivien

AU - Tarrier, Nicholas

AU - Whorwell, Peter J.

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - Background and Aims: Synesthesia is a sensory disorder where the stimulation of one sensory modality can lead to a reaction in another which would not usually be expected to respond; for instance, someone might seeacolor onhearing a word such as a day of the week. Disordered perception of sensory information also appears to contribute to the path-ophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The purpose of this exploratory study was to ascertain whether these two conditions might be linked in any way. Methods: Two hundred consecutive IBS outpatients were screened for synesthesia and compared with 200 matched healthy volunteers (controls). Positive responders were tested for two types of synesthesia (grapheme-color and music-color/shape) using a questionnaire which was repeated after 3 months to test for reproducibility. Results Of the 200 IBS outpatients screened, 26 (13%) patients and six (3%) controls claimed to be synesthetic (P <0.001). Reproducibility was more variable in IBS patients than controls but despite this variability, 15 (7.5%) patients compared with 5 (2.5%) controls had greater than 75% consistency (P = 0.036), and 19 (9.5%) patients and 6 (3%) controls had greater than 50% consistency (P = 0.012). A reproducibility of less than 50% was observed in seven (3.5%) patients and no controls (0%) (P = 0.015), and these individuals were classified as having pseudo-synesthesia. Conclusion: IBS patients clearly differ from controls in terms of claiming to have synesthetic experiences. These results justify additional studies on the relationship between IBS and synesthesia to further understand the neural mechanisms underpinning these two conditions and to establish whether they may be linked. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

AB - Background and Aims: Synesthesia is a sensory disorder where the stimulation of one sensory modality can lead to a reaction in another which would not usually be expected to respond; for instance, someone might seeacolor onhearing a word such as a day of the week. Disordered perception of sensory information also appears to contribute to the path-ophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The purpose of this exploratory study was to ascertain whether these two conditions might be linked in any way. Methods: Two hundred consecutive IBS outpatients were screened for synesthesia and compared with 200 matched healthy volunteers (controls). Positive responders were tested for two types of synesthesia (grapheme-color and music-color/shape) using a questionnaire which was repeated after 3 months to test for reproducibility. Results Of the 200 IBS outpatients screened, 26 (13%) patients and six (3%) controls claimed to be synesthetic (P <0.001). Reproducibility was more variable in IBS patients than controls but despite this variability, 15 (7.5%) patients compared with 5 (2.5%) controls had greater than 75% consistency (P = 0.036), and 19 (9.5%) patients and 6 (3%) controls had greater than 50% consistency (P = 0.012). A reproducibility of less than 50% was observed in seven (3.5%) patients and no controls (0%) (P = 0.015), and these individuals were classified as having pseudo-synesthesia. Conclusion: IBS patients clearly differ from controls in terms of claiming to have synesthetic experiences. These results justify additional studies on the relationship between IBS and synesthesia to further understand the neural mechanisms underpinning these two conditions and to establish whether they may be linked. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

KW - Irritable bowel syndrome

KW - Perception

KW - Synesthesia

KW - Visceral sensitivity

U2 - 10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2

DO - 10.1007/s10620-012-2054-2

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 1629

EP - 1635

JO - Digestive Diseases and Sciences

JF - Digestive Diseases and Sciences

SN - 0163-2116

IS - 6

ER -