Synergistic enhancement of gas selectivity in thin film composite membranes of PIM-1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Ilya Leonidovich Borisov
  • Danila S Bakhtin
  • Jose Miguel Luque-alled
  • Anastsiya Rybakova
  • Veronika Makarova
  • Wayne Harrison
  • Vladimir V Volkov
  • Viktoria Polevaya
  • Alexey V Volkov

Abstract

High free volume glassy polymers or polymers of intrinsic microporosity such as poly[1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne] (PTMSP) and polybenzodioxane (PIM-1) are extra high gas permeability membrane materials. One of their major drawbacks is low gas selectivity. In this study, thin film composite (TFC) membranes have been developed with high CO2 permeance and superior CO2/N2 selectivity due to a strong synergistic effect. The TFC membranes, comprising a thin layer (0.29-0.42 μm) of the PIM-1 atop a cross-linked PTMSP gutter layer (2.07-3.44 μm) on a porous backing material, were fabricated by coating PIM-1 solution on the cross-linked PTMSP support. A key element is that for coating PIM-1 a mixed solvent of chloroform and trichloroethylene (1:1) was successfully implemented for the first time. All membrane samples demonstrated a strong synergistic enhancement of CO2/N2 selectivity (α=35.8-55.7) compared to PIM-1 (α=18.5) and cross-linked PTMSP (α=3.7). A SEM, TEM and laser interferometry study revealed that the synergistic enhancement of gas selectivity in the TFC membranes is most likely due to the creation of a very thin boundary layer between PIM-1 and the cross-linked PTMSP gutter layer. The enhanced selectivity in combination with high permeance (2930-8010 GPU) makes these membranes suitable candidates for post-combustion CO2 capture.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Early online date25 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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