Symmetric and asymmetric decoration of graphene: Bimetal-graphene sandwiches

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Low-dimensional carbon materials, i.e., graphene and its functionalization with a number of semiconductor or conductor materials, such as noble metal nanostructures, have primary importance for their potential exploitation as electro-active materials, i.e., as new generation catalysts. Here, low-cost, solution chemistry-based, two-step functionalization of an individual, free-standing, chemical vapor-deposited graphene monolayer is reported, with noble metal (Au, Pt, Pd) nanoparticles to build up two-side decorated graphene-based metal nanoclusters. Either the same metal (symmetric decoration) or different metals (asymmetric decoration) are used for the preparation of bimetal graphene sandwiches, which are adsorbed at the liquid/liquid (organic/water) interface. The successful fabrication of such dual-decorated graphene-based metal nanocomposites is confirmed using various microscopic techniques (scanning electron and atomic force microscopies) and several spectroscopic methods (x-ray photoelectron, energy dispersive x-ray, mapping mode Raman spectroscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy). Taken together, it is inferred from these techniques that the location of deposited metal nanoparticles is on opposite sides of the graphene.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2899-2909
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015