Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort studyCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Navneet Kaput
  • David While
  • Nick Blatchley
  • Isabelle Bray
  • Kate Harrison

Standard

Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study. / Kapur, Navneet; Kaput, Navneet; While, David; Blatchley, Nick; Bray, Isabelle; Harrison, Kate.

In: PL o S Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 3, 03.2009, p. 0269-0277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Kapur, N, Kaput, N, While, D, Blatchley, N, Bray, I & Harrison, K 2009, 'Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study', PL o S Medicine, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 0269-0277. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026

APA

Kapur, N., Kaput, N., While, D., Blatchley, N., Bray, I., & Harrison, K. (2009). Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study. PL o S Medicine, 6(3), 0269-0277. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026

Vancouver

Kapur N, Kaput N, While D, Blatchley N, Bray I, Harrison K. Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study. PL o S Medicine. 2009 Mar;6(3):0269-0277. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026

Author

Kapur, Navneet ; Kaput, Navneet ; While, David ; Blatchley, Nick ; Bray, Isabelle ; Harrison, Kate. / Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study. In: PL o S Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 0269-0277.

Bibtex

@article{5837846f899041b282a4f448138274ae,
title = "Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study",
abstract = "Background Few studies have examined suicide risk in individuals once they have left the military. We aimed to investigate the rate, timing, and risk factors for suicide in all those who had left the UK Armed Forces (1996-2005). Methods and Findings We carried out a cohort study of ex-Armed Forces personnel by linking national databases of discharged personnel and suicide deaths (which included deaths receiving either a suicide or undetermined verdict). Comparisons were made with both general and serving populations. During the study period 233, 803 individuals left the Armed Forces and 224 died by suicide. Although the overall rate of suicide was not greater than that in the general population, the risk of suicide in men aged 24 y and younger who had left the Armed Forces was approximately two to three times higher than the risk for the same age groups in the general and serving populations (age-specific rate ratios ranging from 170 to 290). The risk of suicide for men aged 30-49 y was lower than that in the general population. The risk was persistent but may have been at its highest in the first 2 y following discharge. The risk of suicide was greatest in males, those who had served in the Army, those with a short length of service, and those of lower rank. The rate of contact with specialist mental health was lowest in the age groups at greatest risk of suicide (14% for those aged under 20 y, 20% for those aged 20-24 y). Conclusions Young men who leave the UK Armed Forces were at increased risk of suicide. This may reflect preservice vulnerabilities rather than factors related to service experiences or discharge. Preventive strategies might include practical and psychological preparation for discharge and encouraging appropriate help-seeking behaviour once individuals have left the services.",
keywords = "Adult, Cohort Studies, Databases, Factual, Female, epidemiology: Great Britain, Humans, Male, utilization: Mental Health Services, Middle Aged, Motivation, statistics & numerical data: Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Retrospective Studies, Risk, epidemiology: Stress, Psychological, statistics & numerical data: Suicide, Time Factors, psychology: Veterans, Young Adult",
author = "Navneet Kapur and Navneet Kaput and David While and Nick Blatchley and Isabelle Bray and Kate Harrison",
year = "2009",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "0269--0277",
journal = "PL o S Medicine",
issn = "1549-1277",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Suicide after leaving the UK armed forces -A cohort study

AU - Kapur, Navneet

AU - Kaput, Navneet

AU - While, David

AU - Blatchley, Nick

AU - Bray, Isabelle

AU - Harrison, Kate

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - Background Few studies have examined suicide risk in individuals once they have left the military. We aimed to investigate the rate, timing, and risk factors for suicide in all those who had left the UK Armed Forces (1996-2005). Methods and Findings We carried out a cohort study of ex-Armed Forces personnel by linking national databases of discharged personnel and suicide deaths (which included deaths receiving either a suicide or undetermined verdict). Comparisons were made with both general and serving populations. During the study period 233, 803 individuals left the Armed Forces and 224 died by suicide. Although the overall rate of suicide was not greater than that in the general population, the risk of suicide in men aged 24 y and younger who had left the Armed Forces was approximately two to three times higher than the risk for the same age groups in the general and serving populations (age-specific rate ratios ranging from 170 to 290). The risk of suicide for men aged 30-49 y was lower than that in the general population. The risk was persistent but may have been at its highest in the first 2 y following discharge. The risk of suicide was greatest in males, those who had served in the Army, those with a short length of service, and those of lower rank. The rate of contact with specialist mental health was lowest in the age groups at greatest risk of suicide (14% for those aged under 20 y, 20% for those aged 20-24 y). Conclusions Young men who leave the UK Armed Forces were at increased risk of suicide. This may reflect preservice vulnerabilities rather than factors related to service experiences or discharge. Preventive strategies might include practical and psychological preparation for discharge and encouraging appropriate help-seeking behaviour once individuals have left the services.

AB - Background Few studies have examined suicide risk in individuals once they have left the military. We aimed to investigate the rate, timing, and risk factors for suicide in all those who had left the UK Armed Forces (1996-2005). Methods and Findings We carried out a cohort study of ex-Armed Forces personnel by linking national databases of discharged personnel and suicide deaths (which included deaths receiving either a suicide or undetermined verdict). Comparisons were made with both general and serving populations. During the study period 233, 803 individuals left the Armed Forces and 224 died by suicide. Although the overall rate of suicide was not greater than that in the general population, the risk of suicide in men aged 24 y and younger who had left the Armed Forces was approximately two to three times higher than the risk for the same age groups in the general and serving populations (age-specific rate ratios ranging from 170 to 290). The risk of suicide for men aged 30-49 y was lower than that in the general population. The risk was persistent but may have been at its highest in the first 2 y following discharge. The risk of suicide was greatest in males, those who had served in the Army, those with a short length of service, and those of lower rank. The rate of contact with specialist mental health was lowest in the age groups at greatest risk of suicide (14% for those aged under 20 y, 20% for those aged 20-24 y). Conclusions Young men who leave the UK Armed Forces were at increased risk of suicide. This may reflect preservice vulnerabilities rather than factors related to service experiences or discharge. Preventive strategies might include practical and psychological preparation for discharge and encouraging appropriate help-seeking behaviour once individuals have left the services.

KW - Adult

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Databases, Factual

KW - Female

KW - epidemiology: Great Britain

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - utilization: Mental Health Services

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Motivation

KW - statistics & numerical data: Patient Acceptance of Health Care

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Risk

KW - epidemiology: Stress, Psychological

KW - statistics & numerical data: Suicide

KW - Time Factors

KW - psychology: Veterans

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026

DO - 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000026

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 269

EP - 277

JO - PL o S Medicine

JF - PL o S Medicine

SN - 1549-1277

IS - 3

ER -