Sugar analog synthesis by in vitro biocatalytic cascade: A comparison of alternative enzyme complements for dihydroxyacetone phosphate production as a precursor to rare chiral sugar synthesis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Carol J. Hartley
  • Nigel G. French
  • Judith A. Scoble
  • Charlotte C. Williams
  • Quentin I. Churches
  • Andrew R. Frazer
  • Matthew C. Taylor
  • Greg Coia
  • Gregory Simpson
  • Colin Scott

Abstract

Carbon-carbon bond formation is one of the most challenging reactions in synthetic organic chemistry, and aldol reactions catalysed by dihydroxyacetone phosphate-dependent aldolases provide a powerful biocatalytic tool for combining C-C bond formation with the generation of two new stereo-centres, with access to all four possible stereoisomers of a compound. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) is unstable so the provision of DHAP for DHAP-dependent aldolases in biocatalytic processes remains complicated. Our research has investigated the efficiency of several different enzymatic cascades for the conversion of glycerol to DHAP, including characterising new candidate enzymes for some of the reaction steps. The most efficient cascade for DHAP production, comprising a one-pot four-enzyme reaction with glycerol kinase, acetate kinase, glycerophosphate oxidase and catalase, was coupled with a DHAP-dependent fructose-1,6-biphosphate aldolase enzyme to demonstrate the production of several rare chiral sugars. The limitation of batch biocatalysis for these reactions and the potential for improvement using kinetic modelling and flow biocatalysis systems is discussed.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0184183
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number11
Early online date7 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017