Stochastic Optimization Methods for Parametric Level Set Reconstructions in 2D through-the-Wall Radar Imaging

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In this paper, a comparison of stochastic optimization algorithms is presented for the reconstruction of electromagnetic profiles in through-the-wall radar imaging. We combine those stochastic optimization approaches with a shape-based representation of unknown targets which is based on a parametrized level set formulation. This way, we obtain a stochastic version of shape evolution with the goal of minimizing a given cost functional. As basis functions, we consider in particular Gaussian and Wendland radial basis functions. For the optimization task, we consider three variants of stochastic approaches, namely stochastic gradient descent, the Adam method as well as a more involved stochastic quasi-Newton scheme. A specific backtracking line search method is also introduced for this specific application of stochastic shape evolution. The physical scenery considered here is set in 2D assuming TM waves for simplicity. The goal is to localize and characterize (and eventually track) targets of interest hidden behind walls by solving the corresponding electromagnetic inverse problem. The results provide a good indication on the expected performance of similar schemes in a more realistic 3D setup.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055
Issue number12
Early online date3 Dec 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Dec 2020