Solid state structure of sodium β-1-thiophenyl glucuronate identifies 5-coordinate sodium with three independent glucoronates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • Authors:
  • John Gardiner
  • George Whitehead
  • Inigo Vitorica-Yrezabal
  • Fahad Alharthi


Glucuronic acid is a key component of the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) Chrondroitin Sulfate (CS), Heparin/Heparan sulfate (HS) and Hyaluronic Acid (HA), as well an important metabolite derivative. In biological systems the carboxylate of uronic acids in GAGs is involved in important H-binding interactions, and the role of metal coordination, such as sodiated systems, has indications associated with a number of biological effects, and physiological GAG-related processes. In synthetic approaches to GAG fragments, thioglycoside intermediates, or derivatives from these, are commonly employed. Of the reported examples of sodium coordination in carbohydrates, 6-coordinate systems are usually observed often with water ligands involved, Herein we report an unexpected 5-coordinate sodiated GlcA crystal structure of the parent GlcA, but as a thioglucoside derivative, whose crystal coordination differs from previous examples, with no involvement of water as a ligand and containing a distorted trigonal bypramidal sodium with each GlcA having five of 6 oxygens sodium-coordinated.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Early online date6 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2021