Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adultsCitation formats

  • External authors:
  • Irene Fierloos
  • Siok Swan Tan
  • Tamara Alhambra-Borras
  • Elin Koppelaar
  • Lovorka Bilajac
  • Athina Markaki
  • Francesco Mattace Raso
  • Vanja Vasiljev
  • Carmen Franse
  • Hein Raat

Standard

Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults. / Fierloos, Irene; Tan, Siok Swan; Williams, Gregory; Alhambra-Borras, Tamara; Koppelaar, Elin; Bilajac, Lovorka; Verma, Arpana; Markaki, Athina; Mattace Raso, Francesco; Vasiljev, Vanja; Franse, Carmen; Raat, Hein.

In: BMC Geriatrics, Vol. 21, No. 1, 114, 09.02.2021, p. 114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Fierloos, I, Tan, SS, Williams, G, Alhambra-Borras, T, Koppelaar, E, Bilajac, L, Verma, A, Markaki, A, Mattace Raso, F, Vasiljev, V, Franse, C & Raat, H 2021, 'Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults', BMC Geriatrics, vol. 21, no. 1, 114, pp. 114. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4

APA

Fierloos, I., Tan, S. S., Williams, G., Alhambra-Borras, T., Koppelaar, E., Bilajac, L., Verma, A., Markaki, A., Mattace Raso, F., Vasiljev, V., Franse, C., & Raat, H. (2021). Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1), 114. [114]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4

Vancouver

Fierloos I, Tan SS, Williams G, Alhambra-Borras T, Koppelaar E, Bilajac L et al. Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults. BMC Geriatrics. 2021 Feb 9;21(1):114. 114. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4

Author

Fierloos, Irene ; Tan, Siok Swan ; Williams, Gregory ; Alhambra-Borras, Tamara ; Koppelaar, Elin ; Bilajac, Lovorka ; Verma, Arpana ; Markaki, Athina ; Mattace Raso, Francesco ; Vasiljev, Vanja ; Franse, Carmen ; Raat, Hein. / Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults. In: BMC Geriatrics. 2021 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 114.

Bibtex

@article{7de79b32d3884b0e832930231cbb8504,
title = "Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults",
abstract = "Background: International studies provide an overview of socio-demographic characteristics associated with loneliness among older adults, but few studies distinguished between emotional and social loneliness. This study examined socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness. Methods: Data of 2251 community-dwelling older adults, included at the baseline measure of the Urban Health Centers Europe (UHCE) project, were analysed. Loneliness was measured with the 6-item De Jong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between age, sex, living situation, educational level, migration background, and loneliness. Results: The mean age of participants was 79.7 years (SD = 5.6 years); 60.4% women. Emotional and social loneliness were reported by 29.2 and 26.7% of the participants; 13.6% experienced emotional and social loneliness simultaneously. Older age (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.06–1.28), living without a partner (2.16, 95% CI: 1.73–2.70), and having a low educational level (OR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.21–2.73), were associated with increased emotional loneliness. Women living with a partner were more prone to emotional loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.31–2.40). Older age (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.00–1.22) and having a low educational level (OR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.14–2.74) were associated with increased social loneliness. Men living without a partner were more prone to social loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.35–2.78). Conclusions: Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness differed regarding sex and living situation. Researchers, policy makers, and healthcare professionals should be aware that emotional and social loneliness may affect older adults with different socio-demographic characteristics.",
author = "Irene Fierloos and Tan, {Siok Swan} and Gregory Williams and Tamara Alhambra-Borras and Elin Koppelaar and Lovorka Bilajac and Arpana Verma and Athina Markaki and {Mattace Raso}, Francesco and Vanja Vasiljev and Carmen Franse and Hein Raat",
note = "Funding Information: This work was supported by the European Union, CHAFEA, third health programme, number 20131201. The funding body played no role in the design of the study, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, or in writing the manuscript. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "114",
journal = "BMC Geriatrics",
issn = "1471-2318",
publisher = "Springer Nature",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults

AU - Fierloos, Irene

AU - Tan, Siok Swan

AU - Williams, Gregory

AU - Alhambra-Borras, Tamara

AU - Koppelaar, Elin

AU - Bilajac, Lovorka

AU - Verma, Arpana

AU - Markaki, Athina

AU - Mattace Raso, Francesco

AU - Vasiljev, Vanja

AU - Franse, Carmen

AU - Raat, Hein

N1 - Funding Information: This work was supported by the European Union, CHAFEA, third health programme, number 20131201. The funding body played no role in the design of the study, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, or in writing the manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2/9

Y1 - 2021/2/9

N2 - Background: International studies provide an overview of socio-demographic characteristics associated with loneliness among older adults, but few studies distinguished between emotional and social loneliness. This study examined socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness. Methods: Data of 2251 community-dwelling older adults, included at the baseline measure of the Urban Health Centers Europe (UHCE) project, were analysed. Loneliness was measured with the 6-item De Jong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between age, sex, living situation, educational level, migration background, and loneliness. Results: The mean age of participants was 79.7 years (SD = 5.6 years); 60.4% women. Emotional and social loneliness were reported by 29.2 and 26.7% of the participants; 13.6% experienced emotional and social loneliness simultaneously. Older age (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.06–1.28), living without a partner (2.16, 95% CI: 1.73–2.70), and having a low educational level (OR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.21–2.73), were associated with increased emotional loneliness. Women living with a partner were more prone to emotional loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.31–2.40). Older age (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.00–1.22) and having a low educational level (OR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.14–2.74) were associated with increased social loneliness. Men living without a partner were more prone to social loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.35–2.78). Conclusions: Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness differed regarding sex and living situation. Researchers, policy makers, and healthcare professionals should be aware that emotional and social loneliness may affect older adults with different socio-demographic characteristics.

AB - Background: International studies provide an overview of socio-demographic characteristics associated with loneliness among older adults, but few studies distinguished between emotional and social loneliness. This study examined socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness. Methods: Data of 2251 community-dwelling older adults, included at the baseline measure of the Urban Health Centers Europe (UHCE) project, were analysed. Loneliness was measured with the 6-item De Jong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between age, sex, living situation, educational level, migration background, and loneliness. Results: The mean age of participants was 79.7 years (SD = 5.6 years); 60.4% women. Emotional and social loneliness were reported by 29.2 and 26.7% of the participants; 13.6% experienced emotional and social loneliness simultaneously. Older age (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.06–1.28), living without a partner (2.16, 95% CI: 1.73–2.70), and having a low educational level (OR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.21–2.73), were associated with increased emotional loneliness. Women living with a partner were more prone to emotional loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.31–2.40). Older age (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 1.00–1.22) and having a low educational level (OR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.14–2.74) were associated with increased social loneliness. Men living without a partner were more prone to social loneliness than men living with a partner (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.35–2.78). Conclusions: Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness differed regarding sex and living situation. Researchers, policy makers, and healthcare professionals should be aware that emotional and social loneliness may affect older adults with different socio-demographic characteristics.

U2 - 10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4

DO - 10.1186/s12877-021-02058-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 33563228

VL - 21

SP - 114

JO - BMC Geriatrics

JF - BMC Geriatrics

SN - 1471-2318

IS - 1

M1 - 114

ER -