This book provides a detailed introduction to the process of developing monitoring and evaluation systems which will provide a foundation on which to develop personal and organisational learning. It is based on INTRAC’s research, consultancy and training work and is rooted in real experiences. The guide will enable people who have limited experience of M&E to grasp its core concepts, and to apply them to the development of an M&E system. The guide is sufficiently concise to be read from cover to cover and will equally function as a reference work. Reference sections provide information about different approaches, tools and methodologies which will enable readers to fine-tune their approach to their particular set of needs and circumstances. This guide is offered as a contribution to the development community to assist it in its work and facilitate the processes of action and reflection, or ‘Praxis’.