Semantic Relativism, Expressives, and Derogatory EpithetsCitation formats

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Semantic Relativism, Expressives, and Derogatory Epithets. / Berskyte, Justina; Stevens, Graham.

In: Inquiry, 2019.

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@article{22e8bda02ed540958bb948ebd6f429c5,
title = "Semantic Relativism, Expressives, and Derogatory Epithets",
abstract = "Semantic relativism maintains that the truth-value of some propositions is sensitive to a judge parameter, facilitating cases whereby a proposition can be true relative to one judge, but false relative to another. Most prominently, semantic relativism has been applied to predicates of personal tastes (PPTs). Recently, Lasersohn (2007, 2017) has urged an extension of semantic relativism to terms traditionally construed as expressives including derogatory epithets (e.g. ‘asshole’) and, more tentatively, expressions like ‘damn’. In this paper, we challenge Lasersohn’s extension of relativism. Section one gives a background on semantic theories for expressives and on semantic relativism. In section two, we focus on Lasersohn’s (2007) account where he attempts to apply relativism to a wider range of expressives. We argue that because PPTs and expressives have fundamentally different semantic functions, the prospects for a relativistic account are slim. Several problems are presented. Our focus is on the perspective sensitivity of expressive content and the phenomenon of projection failure, as both reveal a fundamental disparity between expressives and PPTs.",
author = "Justina Berskyte and Graham Stevens",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/0020174X.2019.1612778",
language = "English",
journal = "Inquiry",
issn = "1502-3923",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Semantic Relativism, Expressives, and Derogatory Epithets

AU - Berskyte, Justina

AU - Stevens, Graham

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Semantic relativism maintains that the truth-value of some propositions is sensitive to a judge parameter, facilitating cases whereby a proposition can be true relative to one judge, but false relative to another. Most prominently, semantic relativism has been applied to predicates of personal tastes (PPTs). Recently, Lasersohn (2007, 2017) has urged an extension of semantic relativism to terms traditionally construed as expressives including derogatory epithets (e.g. ‘asshole’) and, more tentatively, expressions like ‘damn’. In this paper, we challenge Lasersohn’s extension of relativism. Section one gives a background on semantic theories for expressives and on semantic relativism. In section two, we focus on Lasersohn’s (2007) account where he attempts to apply relativism to a wider range of expressives. We argue that because PPTs and expressives have fundamentally different semantic functions, the prospects for a relativistic account are slim. Several problems are presented. Our focus is on the perspective sensitivity of expressive content and the phenomenon of projection failure, as both reveal a fundamental disparity between expressives and PPTs.

AB - Semantic relativism maintains that the truth-value of some propositions is sensitive to a judge parameter, facilitating cases whereby a proposition can be true relative to one judge, but false relative to another. Most prominently, semantic relativism has been applied to predicates of personal tastes (PPTs). Recently, Lasersohn (2007, 2017) has urged an extension of semantic relativism to terms traditionally construed as expressives including derogatory epithets (e.g. ‘asshole’) and, more tentatively, expressions like ‘damn’. In this paper, we challenge Lasersohn’s extension of relativism. Section one gives a background on semantic theories for expressives and on semantic relativism. In section two, we focus on Lasersohn’s (2007) account where he attempts to apply relativism to a wider range of expressives. We argue that because PPTs and expressives have fundamentally different semantic functions, the prospects for a relativistic account are slim. Several problems are presented. Our focus is on the perspective sensitivity of expressive content and the phenomenon of projection failure, as both reveal a fundamental disparity between expressives and PPTs.

U2 - 10.1080/0020174X.2019.1612778

DO - 10.1080/0020174X.2019.1612778

M3 - Article

JO - Inquiry

JF - Inquiry

SN - 1502-3923

ER -