RO-Crate Metadata Specification 1.0

Research output: Other contribution

  • External authors:
  • Peter Sefton
  • Eoghan Ó Carragáin
  • Oscar Corcho
  • Daniel Garijo
  • Raul Palma
  • Frederik Coppens
  • José María Fernández González
  • Kyle Chard
  • Jose Manuel Gomez-Perez
  • Michael R. Crusoe
  • Ignacio Eguinoa
  • Nick Juty
  • Kristi Holmes
  • Jason A. Clark
  • Salvador Capella-Gutierrez
  • Alasdair J. G. Gray
  • Giacomo Tartari
  • Thomas Thelen


This document specifies a method, known as RO-Crate (Research Object Crate), of organizing file-based data with associated metadata, using linked data principles, in both human and machine readable formats, with the ability to include additional domain-specific metadata. The core of RO-Crate is a JSON-LD file, the RO-Crate Metadata File, named ro-crate-metadata.jsonld. This file contains structured metadata about the dataset as a whole (the Root Data Entity) and, optionally, about some or all of its files. This provides a simple way to, for example, assert the authors (e.g. people, organizations) of the RO-Crate or one its files, or to capture more complex provenance for files, such as how they were created using software and equipment. While providing the formal specification for RO-Crate, this document also aims to be a practical guide for software authors to create tools for generating and consuming research data packages, with explanation by examples.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Media of outputWeb
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019

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