Respiratory evolution in archosaursCitation formats

Standard

Respiratory evolution in archosaurs. / Brocklehurst, Robert; Schachner, Emma R ; Codd, Jonathan; Sellers, W I .

In: Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences , Vol. 375, No. 1793, 20190140, 02.03.2020, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Brocklehurst, R, Schachner, ER, Codd, J & Sellers, WI 2020, 'Respiratory evolution in archosaurs', Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences , vol. 375, no. 1793, 20190140, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0140

APA

Brocklehurst, R., Schachner, E. R., Codd, J., & Sellers, W. I. (2020). Respiratory evolution in archosaurs. Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences , 375(1793), 1-10. [20190140]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0140

Vancouver

Brocklehurst R, Schachner ER, Codd J, Sellers WI. Respiratory evolution in archosaurs. Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences . 2020 Mar 2;375(1793):1-10. 20190140. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0140

Author

Brocklehurst, Robert ; Schachner, Emma R ; Codd, Jonathan ; Sellers, W I . / Respiratory evolution in archosaurs. In: Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences . 2020 ; Vol. 375, No. 1793. pp. 1-10.

Bibtex

@article{6641c6ce1efd4d20ab2438126bee5b73,
title = "Respiratory evolution in archosaurs",
abstract = "The Archosauria are a highly successful group of vertebrates, and their evolution is marked by the appearance of diverse respiratory and metabolic strategies. This review examines respiratory function in living and fossil archosaurs, focusing on the anatomy and biomechanics of the respiratory system, and their physiological consequences. The first archosaurs shared a heterogeneously partitioned parabronchial lung with unidirectional air flow; from this common ancestral lung morphology, we trace the diverging respiratory designs of bird- and crocodilian-line archosaurs. We review the latest evidence of osteological correlates for lung structure and the presence and distribution of accessory air sacs, with a focus on the evolution of the avian lung-air sac system and the functional separation of gas exchange and ventilation. In addition, we discuss the evolution of ventilation mechanics across archosaurs, citing new biomechanical data from extant taxa and how this informs our reconstructions of fossils. This improved understanding of respiratory form and function should help to reconstruct key physiological parameters in fossil taxa. We highlight key events in archosaur evolution where respiratory physiology likely played a major role, such as their radiation at a time of relative hypoxia following the Permo-Triassic mass extinction, and their evolution of elevated metabolic rates. This article is part of the theme issue 'Vertebrate palaeophysiology'.",
keywords = "lung morphology, breathing, biomechanics, respiratory system, Archosauria",
author = "Robert Brocklehurst and Schachner, {Emma R} and Jonathan Codd and Sellers, {W I}",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2019.0140",
language = "English",
volume = "375",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences ",
issn = "0962-8436",
publisher = "The Royal Society Publishing",
number = "1793",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Respiratory evolution in archosaurs

AU - Brocklehurst, Robert

AU - Schachner, Emma R

AU - Codd, Jonathan

AU - Sellers, W I

PY - 2020/3/2

Y1 - 2020/3/2

N2 - The Archosauria are a highly successful group of vertebrates, and their evolution is marked by the appearance of diverse respiratory and metabolic strategies. This review examines respiratory function in living and fossil archosaurs, focusing on the anatomy and biomechanics of the respiratory system, and their physiological consequences. The first archosaurs shared a heterogeneously partitioned parabronchial lung with unidirectional air flow; from this common ancestral lung morphology, we trace the diverging respiratory designs of bird- and crocodilian-line archosaurs. We review the latest evidence of osteological correlates for lung structure and the presence and distribution of accessory air sacs, with a focus on the evolution of the avian lung-air sac system and the functional separation of gas exchange and ventilation. In addition, we discuss the evolution of ventilation mechanics across archosaurs, citing new biomechanical data from extant taxa and how this informs our reconstructions of fossils. This improved understanding of respiratory form and function should help to reconstruct key physiological parameters in fossil taxa. We highlight key events in archosaur evolution where respiratory physiology likely played a major role, such as their radiation at a time of relative hypoxia following the Permo-Triassic mass extinction, and their evolution of elevated metabolic rates. This article is part of the theme issue 'Vertebrate palaeophysiology'.

AB - The Archosauria are a highly successful group of vertebrates, and their evolution is marked by the appearance of diverse respiratory and metabolic strategies. This review examines respiratory function in living and fossil archosaurs, focusing on the anatomy and biomechanics of the respiratory system, and their physiological consequences. The first archosaurs shared a heterogeneously partitioned parabronchial lung with unidirectional air flow; from this common ancestral lung morphology, we trace the diverging respiratory designs of bird- and crocodilian-line archosaurs. We review the latest evidence of osteological correlates for lung structure and the presence and distribution of accessory air sacs, with a focus on the evolution of the avian lung-air sac system and the functional separation of gas exchange and ventilation. In addition, we discuss the evolution of ventilation mechanics across archosaurs, citing new biomechanical data from extant taxa and how this informs our reconstructions of fossils. This improved understanding of respiratory form and function should help to reconstruct key physiological parameters in fossil taxa. We highlight key events in archosaur evolution where respiratory physiology likely played a major role, such as their radiation at a time of relative hypoxia following the Permo-Triassic mass extinction, and their evolution of elevated metabolic rates. This article is part of the theme issue 'Vertebrate palaeophysiology'.

KW - lung morphology

KW - breathing

KW - biomechanics

KW - respiratory system

KW - Archosauria

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2019.0140

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2019.0140

M3 - Article

VL - 375

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences

JF - Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8436

IS - 1793

M1 - 20190140

ER -