Removing the giants and learning from the crowd: A new SZ power spectrum method and revised Compton y-map analysis

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The Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) effect provides a powerful cosmological probe, which traditionally is approached independently as cluster number count (CNC) or power spectrum (PS) analysis. Here, we devise a new method for analysing the y-map by introducing the survey completeness function, conventionally only used in the CNC analysis, in the yy-PS modelling. This provides a systematic method, based mainly on SZ observables, for obtaining two complementary y-maps, one incorporating detected/resolved clusters and the other relying only on diffuse/unresolved SZ contributions. We use the catalogue of clusters obtained in the Planck CNC analysis to define the completeness function linking these two y-maps. The split depends on the chosen signal-to-noise detection threshold, which we vary in our discussion. We carefully propagate the effect of completeness cuts on the non-Gaussian error contributions in the yy-PS analysis, highlighting the benefits of masking massive clusters. Our analysis of the Planck yy-PS for the unresolved component yields a mass bias of b = 0.15 ± 0.04, consistent with the standard value (b ≈ 0.2), in comparison to b = 0.4 ± 0.05 for the total yy-PS. We find indications for this drift being driven by the CIB-tSZ cross-correlation, which dominantly originates from clusters in the resolved component of the y-map. Another possible explanation is the presence of a mass-dependent bias, which has been theoretically motivated and can be quantified with our novel method. We furthermore find first hints for the presence of the 2-halo terms in the yy-PS. Finally, the proposed method provides a new framework for combining the complementary information of the CNC and PS analyses in upcoming SZ surveys.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5310-5328
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Early online date18 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021