Regenerative Potential of Hydrogels for Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Lessons from Ischemic Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injury Research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Irene Louca
  • Faye Bolan
  • Oana - Roxana Sava

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a deadly and debilitating type of stroke, caused by the rupture of cerebral blood vessels. To date, there are no restorative interventions approved for use in ICH patients, highlighting a critical unmet need. ICH shares some pathological features with other acute brain injuries such as ischemic stroke (IS) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), including the loss of brain tissue, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and activation of a potent inflammatory response. New biomaterials such as hydrogels have been recently investigated for their therapeutic benefit in both experimental IS and TBI, owing to their provision of architectural support for damaged brain tissue and ability to deliver cellular and molecular therapies. Conversely, research on the use of hydrogels for ICH therapy is still in its infancy, with very few published reports investigating their therapeutic potential. In this review, we comment on the published use of hydrogels in experimental ICH and describe how approaches reported in the IS and TBI fields may be applied to ICH research to inform the design of future therapies. We also highlight unique aspects of ICH that are distinct from IS and TBI that should be considered when translating biomaterial-based therapies between disease models.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Jun 2021