Reduction of Coil-Crack Angle Sensitivity Effect Using a Novel Flux Feature of ACFM Technique

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Alternating current field measurement (ACFM) testing is one of the promising techniques in the field of non‐destructive testing with advantages of the non‐contact capability and the reduction of lift‐off effects. In this paper, a novel crack detection approach was proposed to reduce the effect of the angled crack (cack orientation) by using rotated ACFM techniques. The sensor probe is composed of an excitation coil and two receiving coils. Two receiving coils are orthogonally placed in the center of the excitation coil where the magnetic field is measured. It was found that the change of the x component and the peak value of the z component of the magnetic field when the sensor probe rotates around a crack followed a sine wave shape. A customized accelerated finite element method solver programmed in MATLAB was adopted to simulate the performance of the designed sensor probe which could significantly improve the computation efficiency due to the small crack perturbation. The experiments were also carried out to validate the simulations. It was found that the ratio between the z and x components of the magnetic field remained stable under various rotation angles. It showed the potential to estimate the depth of the crack from the ratio detected by combining the magnetic fields from both receiving coils (i.e., the x and z components of the magnetic field) using the rotated ACFM technique.

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Original languageEnglish
Article number201
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2021

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