In 2005, Integrating Ireland established a multi-agency working group to examine why, despite large-scale immigration, there continued to be reports of skill shortages in the Irish labour market. The study concluded that an important factor being ignored in this debate was that highly skilled immigrants already living in the country were unable to use their skills due to obstacles in registering with professional bodies. This follow-up report analyzes the nature and determinants of how professional bodies in Ireland compile, implement and regulate their qualifications criteria. It notes that in the absence of a structured national migration policy, different professional bodies are working according to their own individual timeframes and their own specific needs when it comes to procedures for the recognition of overseas qualifications. These are procedures which often fail to recognize the value of certain specific qualifications and/or experience. The report provides a series of recommendations for improving the existing system and overall understandings of the role which migrants play as a highly-skilled integral part of the workforce.