Real-Time Cortical Simulation on Neuromorphic Hardware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Andrew Rowley
  • Christian Brenninkmeijer

Abstract

Real-time simulation of a large-scale biologically representative spiking neural network is presented, through the use of a heterogeneous parallelisation scheme and SpiNNaker neuromorphic hardware. A published cortical microcircuit model is used as a benchmark test case, representing 1mm2 of early sensory cortex, containing 77k neurons and 0:3 billion synapses. This is the first hard real-time simulation of this model, with 10 s of biological simulation time executed in 10 s wall-clock time. This surpassesbest published efforts on HPC neural simulators (3 slowdown) and GPUs running optimised SNN libraries (2 slowdown). Furthermore, the presented approach indicates that real-time processing can be maintained with increasing SNN size, breaking the communication barrier incurred by traditional computing machinery. Model results are compared to an established HPC simulator baseline to verify simulation correctness, comparing well across a range of statistical measures. Energy to solution, and energy per synaptic event are also reported, demonstrating that the relatively low-tech SpiNNaker processors achieve a 10 reduction in energy relative to modern HPC systems, and comparable energy consumption to modern GPUs. Finally, system robustness is demonstrated through multiple 12 h simulations of the cortical microcircuit, each simulating 12 h of biological time, and demonstrating the potential of neuromorphic hardware as a neuroscience research tool for studying complex spiking neural networks over extended time periods.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume378
Issue number2164
Early online date23 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2019

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