Rationalisation of anomalous pseudo-contact shifts and their solvent dependence in a series of C3-symmetric lanthanide complexes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Kevin Mason
  • Elizaveta A. Suturina
  • Andrew T. Frawley
  • Steven G. Worswick
  • Ilya Kuprov
  • David Parker


Bleaney’s long-standing theory of magnetic anisotropy has been employed with some success for many decades to explain paramagnetic NMR pseudo-contact shifts, and has been the subject of many subsequent approximations. Here, we present a detailed experimental and theoretical investigation accounting for the anomalous solvent dependence of NMR shifts for a series of lanthanide(III) complexes, namely [LnL1] (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb; L1: 1,4,7-tris[(6-carboxypyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7-triazacyclononane), taking into account the effect of subtle ligand flexibility on the electronic structure. We show that the anisotropy of the room temperature magnetic susceptibility tensor, which in turn affects the sign and magnitude of the pseudo-contact chemical shift, is extremely sensitive to minimal structural changes in the first coordination sphere of L1. We show that DFT structural optimisations do not give accurate structural models, as assessed by the experimental chemical shifts, and thus we determine a magneto-structural correlation and employ this to evaluate the accurate solution structure for each [LnL1]. This approach allows us to explain the counter-intuitive pseudo-contact shift behaviour, as well as a striking solvent dependence. These results have important consequences for the analysis and design of novel magnetic resonance shift and optical emission probes that are sensitive to the local solution environment.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Chemical Society. Journal
Early online date8 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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