Rainbow trout provide the first experimental evidence for adherence to a distinct Strouhal number during animal oscillatory propulsion.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle


The relationship between tail (or wing) beat frequency (f(tail)), amplitude (A) and forward velocity (U) in animals using oscillatory propulsion, when moving at a constant cruising speed, converges upon an optimum range of the Strouhal number (St = f(tail) · A/U). Previous work, based on observational data and supported by theory, shows St falling within the broad optimum range (0.2

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2244-2249
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of experimental biology
Issue numberPt 13
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2014