Quantitative kinetic modelling and mapping of cerebral glucose transport and metabolism using glucoCESL MRI

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Chemical-exchange spin-lock (CESL) MRI can map regional uptake and utilisation of glucose in the brain at high spatial resolution (i.e sub 0.2 mm3 voxels). We propose two quantitative kinetic models to describe glucose-induced changes in tissue R1ρ and apply them to glucoCESL MRI data acquired in tumour-bearing and healthy rats. When assuming glucose transport is saturable, the maximal transport capacity (Tmax) measured in normal tissue was 3.2 ± 0.6 μmol/min/mL, the half saturation constant (Kt) was 8.8 ± 2.2 mM, the metabolic rate of glucose consumption (MRglc) was 0.21 ± 0.13 μmol/min/mL, and the cerebral blood volume (vb) was 0.006 ± 0.005 mL/mL. Values in tumour were: Tmax = 7.1 ± 2.7 μmol/min/mL, Kt = 14 ± 1.7 mM, MRglc = 0.22 ± 0.09 μmol/min/mL, vb = 0.030 ± 0.035 mL/mL. Tmax and Kt were significantly higher in tumour tissue than normal tissue (p = 0.006 and p = 0.011, respectively). When assuming glucose uptake also occurs via free diffusion, the free diffusion rate (kd) was 0.061 ± 0.017 mL/min/mL in normal tissue and 0.12 ± 0.042 mL/min/mL in tumour. These parameter estimates agree well with literature values obtained using other approaches (e.g. NMR spectroscopy).

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 May 2022